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25 April 2019, Volume 2 Issue 2 Previous Issue   
Review
The application of improvisational music therapy in autism
Ferdinando M. Suvini
90Life Research. 2019, 2 (2): 52-58.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0425-001
Abstract ( 65 )   HTML ( 4 )     PDF (376KB) ( 7 )  

This article presents the model of improvisational music therapy and its use with people with autism. Firstly, the author provides a brief definition of some theoretical ideas and the clinical characteristics of improvisational music therapy, a relatively new treatment which is becoming more wide-spread on a global level. Particular reference is made to the possibilities which music offers in the creation of relational experiences, and the role of time, rhythm and repetition as regulatory elements both in music and in intersubjective relationships. Following this, the efficacy of improvisational music therapy with people with autism is discussed, with regard to research in the field of neuroscience (specifically, the Mirror Neuron System) and the impact of a multimodal stimulus such as music making. The final section outlines the results of the international research project RCT TIME-A, in which improvisational music therapy was used with children with autism. The literature analysis shows that music therapy has significant effects and contributes to improvements in several aspects of the autistic disorder, such as autistic mannerisms, social awareness and social affect. We can consider these results as the beginning of a pathway towards validating improvisation music therapy as a treatment for children with autism.

Helping adolescents develop self-realization using art therapy
Xiaoyang Fang
90Life Research. 2019, 2 (2): 59-63.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0425-002
Abstract ( 49 )   HTML ( 2 )     PDF (337KB) ( 2 )  

This report explored psychodynamic developments that adolescents undergo in their process of self-realization and self-identification, including separation-individuation and ego development. The paper maked a case for art therapy as a resource and non-confrontational outlet to guide adolescents through their development and search for their self-identity. The role of the art therapist is presented as an alternative source of support and containment which may be lacking through the adolescents’ peers and parents. The paper ultimately argued that art therapy had many therapeutic qualities that could help the adolescent in their search and consolidation of the self.

Effects of music therapy in depression and anxiety disorder
Ednaldo Antonio dos Santos, Esperanza Marchant Sanchez, Maria Angeles Niguez Ortiz, Maria Amparo Oliver Germes
90Life Research. 2019, 2 (2): 64-70.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0425-003
Abstract ( 241 )   HTML ( 6 )     PDF (1019KB) ( 65 )  

Mental disorders are considerate "the evil of the century" by renowned researchers, because a large part of the population in many countries is a diagnosticated, and currently affect youth and children. Among the numerous therapeutic interventions, the music therapy is a non-invasive approach. However, there are very few people who are professionally engaged in research and studies on the subject. Therefore, this article is a literature to talk about the benefits of music therapy sessions for people with stress, depression and anxiety disorders.

The impact of genetic and cultural factors on anorexia and bulimia
Shiruli Dash
90Life Research. 2019, 2 (2): 71-79.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0425-004
Abstract ( 49 )   HTML ( 4 )     PDF (923KB) ( 4 )  

This article highlights the fact that anorexia and bulimia nervosa aren't simply psychiatric disturbances, but recent identification of genetic linkages show that they are also physical disease, with higher incidences seen in children who have a parent with an eating disorder. Even having a relative with an eating disorder has become a predisposing factor. However, more research still needs to be carried out on this to establish clear patterns of inheritance. This paper also touches on the greater impact that eating disorders have on society as a whole. Past studies undertaken primarily in female patients have reflected a gradual increase in mortality rates which have been significant enough to be of epidemiological and statistical importance. We then focused on some new treatment approaches and observe an universal pattern of improvement among patients who were also treated with music therapy as compared to standard traditional treatment measures. Finally, we summarized the importance of awareness and education among young adults in preventing mental health disorders and eliminating the stigma around seeking therapy.

Traditional Chinese medicine five-tone therapy
Haoran Zhang
90Life Research. 2019, 2 (2): 80-83.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0425-005
Abstract ( 210 )   HTML ( 3 )     PDF (399KB) ( 56 )  

From the perspective of the application of medical value orientation music therapy, this paper summarized the ancient Chinese sound therapy, such as shaman music therapy and five-tone therapy. It also compared five-tone therapy with Tibetan Singing bowl music therapy. The ancient music therapy is a kind of medical means which is oriented to the treatment effect. At first, it was mainly based on the music medical behavior of Taoist, and then gradually evolved into the modern treatment application of folk pentatonic therapy. On the basis of inheritance and development of ancient traditional music treatment, contemporary medicine proposed a new individualized music treatment. Therefore, the theory of five-tone therapy has updated the research on traditional Chinese music treatment theory and system, and will provide reference for the establishment of accurate music treatment system in the future.

Art is therapy
Life Research Editorial Office
90Life Research. 2019, 2 (2): 84-86.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0425-006
Abstract ( 40 )   HTML ( 2 )     PDF (645KB) ( 7 )  

Arts therapy has become more and more popular in a number of medical fields by integrating the physical, emotional, and spiritual treatment. As the importance of psychosocial aspects in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases has been better recognized and understood, the interest in arts therapies for clinical routine treatment has also increased. Arts therapy is an umbrella term for therapies such as music therapy, sound therapy, drama therapy, dance therapy, and art therapy with visual arts materials. Through artistic media, it offers patients communicate experiences, feelings, and thoughts, which are hard to express verbally. This possibility for an alternative way of communication can even affect the rehabilitation process of many physiological diseases.