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Research on the influence of traditional Chinese medicine therapy on the intestinal flora in obese patients
Pei-Yao Li, Wen-Wen Zhao, Chun-Hua Zhang, Hui-Xin Ding, Ling Wang, Heng Yang, Chun-Guang Yu
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy    2019, 2 (1): 2-8.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201902002
Abstract ( 393 HTML PDF (564KB) ( 201 )  

Highlights

Characteristic TCM therapies including acupuncture, moxibustion, and cupping, etc. have therapeutic effects on obese patients by interfering with the intestinal flora.

Editor’s Summary

Traditional Chinese medicine therapy aiming at regulating intestinal flora is expected to become one of the main treatment methods for obese patients.

Abstract

In recent years, the prevalence of obesity has been increasing year by year, leading to a rise in serious complications. The pathogenesis of obesity is complicated in which the intestinal flora plays an important role. Intestinal micro ecology is composed of large and complex intestinal flora that participate in important physiological functions such as metabolism, energy conversion, maintaining intestinal mucosal defense function, and promoting immune system development and maturation and other important physiological functions; furthermore, they are influenced by the host’s genetic background, diet, and other factors. Therefore, intestinal microflora has potential as a new field of drug therapy. At present, it is found that traditional Chinese medicine therapy may prevent and treat obesity by interfering with the intestinal flora, which is expected to become one of the main treatment methods for obese patients. However, its mechanism of action remains unclear. The balance of intestinal flora can be adjusted by acupuncture, massage, and acupoint application. By analyzing the mechanism of obesity caused by intestinal micro ecology and the impact of obesity on the host’s intestinal micro ecological environment, this paper discusses the influence of oral Chinese medicine, acupuncture, massage, acupoint sticking, and other traditional Chinese medicine therapies on the intestinal microflora in obese patients and provides a scientific basis for its clinical application.

Review of the non-drug treatment in obesity
Chang Liu
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy    2019, 2 (1): 13-19.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201902005
Abstract ( 343 HTML PDF (513KB) ( 290 )  

Highlights

The present review summarizes the non-drug treatment of obesity in recent years, to analyze their underlying mechanism and provide further guidance for clinical practitioners.

Editor’s Summary

For patients with obesity, weighing the advantages and disadvantages of various non-drug therapeutic methods and helping them choose the right method is the best way to fight obesity.

Abstract

Obesity, which bring a great perplex to family and society, has significant contribution to the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other comorbidities. In past four decades, the incidence of obesity has been on the alarming rise and so far about a third of the world's adults are affected by obesity. Due to the side effects and adverse reactions of drug treatment, obesity patients tend to select non-drug treatment. The present review summarizes the non-drug treatment of obesity in recent years, including acupuncture, exercise, surgery, lifestyle intervention and psychological guidance, to summarize their underlying mechanism and provide further guidance for clinical practitioners. Auricular acupuncture was proved to have the positively influence in Ghrelin, a novel obesity-related peptide hormone. Exercise could treat obesity by reducing the inflammatory factors associated with obesity. Furthermore, obesity surgery can not only reduce fat intake and nutrient absorption, but also inhibit the generation of Neuropeptide Y (NPY) by increasing the secretion of Peptide YY (PYY). Besides, breaking down psychological and behavioral barriers to lifestyle treatment of obesity will have a significant effect.

A review of the treatment of cerebral palsy in children
Wang Hai-Jing, Yan Qian
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy    2018, 1 (4): 151-158.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201801022
Abstract ( 440 HTML PDF (1422KB) ( 248 )  

Highlights

The present article analyzes the main treatments used in the therapy of cerebral palsy in children and compares the advantages and disadvantages of various treatments.

Editor’s Summary

Comprehensive treatment strategy containing rehabilitation treatment, drug therapy, stem cell therapy, etc., provides a reference for children with cerebral palsy.

Abstract

Childhood cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most serious and common diseases of the central nervous system. It results in high morbidity and treatment cost, and cannot be cured. It has a detrimental effect on families of children with CP, seriously affects the quality of life, causes significant mental stress, and places a great economic burden on society. At present, physical training and drug therapy are mainly used to treat CP in children at home and abroad. However, plentiful evidence has shown that the efficacy of drugs, surgery, and therapies used over the previous decades is limited. The use of more appropriate comprehensive treatment that involves improving the quality of life to social participation is helpful and meaningful for children with CP and their carers. Based on the literature and guidelines from home and abroad, this article analyzes the main treatments used, including rehabilitation treatment, drug therapy, stem cell therapy, surgical treatment, and the treatment of complications, and compares the advantages and disadvantages of various treatments. It provides a reference for patients with CP to help choose treatment methods and a new idea for research on the treatment of CP.

Efficacy of Liuzijue respiratory exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a meta-analysis
Liu Ting-Ting, Lei Meng-Jie, Wang Hui-Ping, Huang Yan-Qiu, Jin Chang-De
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy    2018, 1 (3): 75-86.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201801012
Abstract ( 601 HTML PDF (1495KB) ( 211 )  

Highlights

Liuzijue respiratory exercise can better improve lung function, functional capacity, and life quality of COPD patients compared with conventional care. Compared with the whole body respiratory exercise, Liuzijue only improves the functional capacity of COPD.

Editor’s Summary

As early as Qin and Han dynasties, the treatment of pulmonary diseases with guided breathing has already been recorded in the ancient book of Lüshichunqiu (B.C. 239, Warring States).

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects of Liuzijue respiratory exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Method: Randomly controlled trials of Liuzijue respiratory exercise in the treatment of COPD were searched in the database, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, CBM, and VIP. Study screening, data extraction, and quality assessment were conducted by two researchers independently. Data were analyzed using RevMan 5.3 software. Results: 11 studies with 915 COPD patients were included. Results of meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional care, Liuzijue respiratory exercise had shown better effects on FEV1 (Forced expiratory volume in 1 second) [MD = 0.18, 95% CI (0.06, 0.30), P = 0.004], FEV1% pred [MD = 10.21, 95% CI (7.25, 13.18), P < 0.001], FEV1 / FVC% (Forced vital capacity) [MD = 8.32, 95% CI (3.23, 13.40), P < 0.001], 6-minute walk distance [MD = 10.97, 95% CI (5.81, 16.12), P < 0.001] and life quality [MD = -10.07, 95% CI (-12.84, -7.30), P < 0.001]. However, no difference was observed in the effective rate between these two groups. Compared with whole body respiratory exercise, except for the better effects on 6-minute walk distance [MD = 37.82, 95% CI (6.51, 69.13), P = 0.02], no difference in FEV1, FEV1% pred, FEV1 / FVC% and life quality were observed between these two groups. Conclusion: Liuzijue respiratory exercise can better improve lung function, functional capacity, and life quality of COPD patients compared with conventional care. Compared with the whole body respiratory exercise, Liuzijue could improve the functional capacity of COPD patients significantly and showed similar effcets on lung function and life quality.

Based on the theory of traditional Chinese and western medicine for the co-treatment of neck, chest, and waist
Zhang Kai, Wu Xin
TMR Non-Drug Therapy    2018, 1 (3): 87-95.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201801013
Abstract ( 735 HTML PDF (1477KB) ( 321 )  

Highlights

This paper expounds the scientific nature of “the co-treatment of the neck, chest, and waist” from the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine theory and modern medical research.

Editor’s Summary

This review proposes a new approach in cervical diseases in terms of the co-treatment of the neck, chest, and waist, which not only improves clinical efficiency but also decrease recurrence rate.

Abstract

Cervical diseases are frequently occurring diseases. Currently, the local physical therapy is the most commonly suggested treatment method. We believe that cervical spine lesion cause spinal instability and then the physiological function of the thoracic and lumbar spine is also affected by it. Therefore, the study on cervical lesions should not be limited to the local part of the cervical spine but should extend to the restoration of stability of the spine, to achieve the same curative effects on the chest and waist. Therefore, we propose a new concept for the co-treatment of the neck, chest, and waist. The concept of this proposed therapy is based on three theoretical aspects: syndrome differentiation, disease prevention, and Du meridian and its relationship with other meridians. This was elaborated from the perspective of spinal static balance, anatomy, epidemiological evidence, and biochemistry. The relationship between cervical vertebral lesions and thoracic and lumbar vertebral lesions indicates the scientific nature of the “co-treatment of the neck, chest, and waist”. This article also summarizes the methods of non-drug therapy under the guidance of this theory.

Acupuncture as a potential approach to improving the health of women with obesity
Cheng Fung-Kei
TMR Non-Drug Therapy    2018, 1 (2): 28-40.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201801006
Abstract ( 594 HTML PDF (12591KB) ( 139 )  

Highlights

This review recommends an integrative approach of acupuncture in combination with other therapeutic strategies in the weight management of women with obesity and the treatment of adiposity-incurred illnesses.

Editor’s Summary

This literature review analyses 25 clinical studies, involving 2407 participants aged 13-65 in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and North America, offering recommendations for the reliability and validity of acupuncture in the treatment of women’s obesity and adiposity-incurred illnesses.

Abstract

In addition to higher risks of various obstetric and gynaecological illnesses among women with obesity or who are overweight, maternal adiposity threatens the lifetime health of their offspring. Diverse treatments are provided, including complementary and alternative medicine such as Chinese medical practices. Acupuncture, a traditional Chinese medicinal method, is increasingly being applied to this health problem. This literature review analyses 25 clinical studies, involving 2407 participants aged 13-65 in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and North America. This illustrates the use of acupuncture alone or with other approaches to control body weight, obesity-induced diseases, and gynaecological health. Although positive indicators are presented, this study offers recommendations for enhancing reliability and validity in further research. It therefore suggests the use of acupuncture in dealing with obesity due to its efficacy, and economic and safety benefits.

Randomized control study in the influence of different training methods of Tai Chi on Chinese medicine constitution of international students with depression or depression tendency
Chen Ming-Jun, Fang Fan-Fu
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy    2018, 1 (2): 59-66.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201801009
Abstract ( 504 HTML PDF (7815KB) ( 58 )  

Highlights

When combines with the deep breathing method, Tai Chi training achieves better therapeutic effect on international students with depression or depression tendency.

Editor’s Summary

Taijiquankaoxinlu (2006, A.D.) pointed out that practitioners who combined Qi (the flow of internal energy) and Yi (thought) was getting better. It means that Tai Chi can integrate deep breathing with body movements to achieve the better effects in treatment of psychological diseases.

Abstract

Objective:To evaluate the effect of different training methods of Tai Chi on Chinese medicine constitution of international students with depression or depression tendency. Methods: Thirty-eight Africa international students were randomly divided into the physical exercise group who receiving the simple physical exercise of simplified 24-form Tai Chi (physical exercise group) and the breathing group who receiving both deep breathing method plus simple physical exercise (breathing group). The average scores of Chinese medicine gentleness and various biased constitutional types in the two groups were compared. Results: The average score of thirty-eight students with biased constitution in both groups decreased significantly compared with that before training (P < 0.05). Compared with that before training, the average scores of biased constitutional types in the breathing group, including Qi deficiency, Yang deficiency, phlegm-dampness and Qi stagnation, were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). The average scores of Yang deficiency, blood stasis and Qi stagnation constitutional types of students in simple physical group after training were also significantly decreased after training (P < 0.05). Moreover, the average scores of biased constitutional types, including Qi deficiency, Yang deficiency, Yin deficiency, phlegm and dampness, Qi-stagnation, in the breathing group were significantly lower than those of the simple exercise group, suggesting the superior therapeutic effect of breathing training method (P < 0.01). Conclusion: When combines with the deep breathing method, Tai Chi training achieves better effect on improving the biased constitutional types which may be related to depression or depression tendency, including Qi deficiency, Yang deficiency, Yin deficiency, phlegm and dampness, Qi-stagnation.

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