This study assessed surgical site infection prevention practices and associated factors among nurses working in government hospitals of Harari Regional State and Dire Dawa City Administration, Eastern Ethiopia from March 01 to 28, 2019.
Nurses play a major comprehensive role and spans the continuum of care in preventing Surgical site infections. nurses should adhere to evidence based practice towards SSI prevention but, according to literatures there is paucity of information regarding to nurses surgical site infections prevention practices.
Background: Surgical site infections are the most frequent type of preventable hospital acquired infections with a serious and undesirable outcome of surgery associated with increase morbidity, mortality rate, hospital stay, readmission and excess cost. Surgical site infection prevention is one of the most important challenge in delivering optimal nursing care. Studies suggest that the nurses’ practices of surgical site infection prevention is not well addressed. Moreover, there is clearly paucity of information, in Africa including the study area. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess surgical site infection prevention practices and associated factors among nurses working in government hospitals of Harari Regional State and Dire Dawa City Administration, Eastern Ethiopia from March 01 to 28, 2019. Method and Materials: An institutional based cross-sectional study design was employed for a total of 515 nurses. Simple random sampling method was used to select study participants. Data were collected using pretested structured self-administered questionnaire supplemented by observation. Data were checked, coded, entered and cleaned using Epi-data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Bivariate and multivariate analysis were undertaken and P values less than 0.05 at 95% confidence interval were considered as statistically significant. Result: The overall self-reported level of SSI prevention practice was found to be 40.8% (95% CI: 36.9%, 45.4%). Nurses with BSc and above [Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.52, 95% CI (1.14, 5.54)], trained on infection prevention [AOR = 2.22, 95% CI (1.29, 3.82)], good knowledge [AOR = 2.21, 95% CI (1.32, 3.71)], good attitude [AOR = 5.11, 95%CI (3.05, 8.57)], got supply of personal protective equipment [AOR = 2.57, 95% CI (1.46, 4.49)], had management support [AOR = 3.41, 95% CI (1.90, 6.12)], experience of 5 to 10 years [AOR = 5.38, 95%CI (2.82, 10.27)] and ≥ 11 years [AOR = 3.48, 95% CI (1.47, 8.25), were found to be statistically and positively associated with nurses SSI prevention practice. Conclusion: In this study, the level of surgical site infection prevention practice was poor. Being BSc and above, being knowledgeable and good attitude, got personal protective equipment, had management support, serving for ≥ 5 years and trained on infection prevention were found to be significantly associated with surgical site infection prevention practice. Updating knowledge and practice of nurses through in-service education and training on latest evidence-based practice, regularly supplying of personal protective equipment, developing hospital policy and procedures for surgical site infection prevention practice is recommended.