This paper introduced the research status and development trend of human caring theory in nursing science in recent 10 years. Chinese nursing researchers can carry out theoretical research on clinical research, nursing management and nursing education based on its theoretical connotation and combining clinical and teaching environment.
Dr. Jean Waston, a famous American contemporary nursing theorist, first combined human caring and nursing, and in 1979 officially founded the human caring science theory. With the development of the bio-psycho-social medical model, the position of humane caring in the field of nursing is becoming more and more important, and it is increasingly being used by clinical nurses, nursing educators, etc.
Aims: To analyze the research status and development trend of human caring theory in the field of nursing in China, and to provide better reference for theory and research. Methods: All articles related to human caring theory were searched in the China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data and VIP database which were published in the past year was searched. NoteExpress document management software and Excel software were used to conduct bibliometrics analysis on the annual distribution, regional distribution, journal distribution, fund support and research content of the documents. The search time was from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2009. Results: A total of 113 articles were included in the literature. The total number of published articles showed a slow and tortuous trend. After 2013, the volume of publications was relatively stable. The core journals accounted for 17.7% of the total number of articles, and most of them came from hospitals. The research covers clinical applications, nursing education, nursing management and other fields. Conclusion: Human caring theory is an important part of nursing theory, Nursing researchers in China can conduct clinical research, nursing management and nursing education research based on their theoretical connotation, combined with clinical and teaching environment.
This article made the visualized analysis to analyze the development trend and research focus of empowerment theory applied to nursing in China.
The theory of empowerment originated from the theory of management abroad, and firstly utilized in the field of health care by Freire in 1980.
Objective: To analysis the development trend and research focus of empowerment theory applied to Nursing in China. Methods: Literatures related to the objective were searched and collected from CNKI, WangFang, VIP and CBM, then Excel 2003 was used to setup the database and co-word matrix, SPSS 21.0 was utilized to make the visualized analysis by way of multivariate statistics analysis, cluster analysis and multidimensional scaling analysis. Results: Literatures with the number of 486 were selected out and 18 high frequency keywords were retrieved from 140 journals. Among the literatures, the first one was published in 2002, then a tremendous rising started since 2009, and reached the peak in 2017, mainly from the southern part of China, such as the province of Jiangsu, Guangdong, and Zhejiang. Regarding the content of the literatures, the research of intervention accounted for 61.32%, then the research of description came to the second at the ratio of 24.49%. What’s more, 378 (77.78%) were cited, 154 (31.69%) were funded. Conclusion: Nowadays, empowerment applied in the therapy of chronic disease is the focus and trend of the research of empowerment theory, and the psychological empowerment to nursing staff, as well as the constructed empowerment is going mature. In the future, more attention should be paid to the study and practice of empowerment theory, in order to vary the direction of research and enrich the theory.
Clinical trials have shown that early enteral nutrition supplemented with probiotics may have potential of benefit for SHI patients; however, conflicting conclusion obstacle the decision-making. This protocol will provide approach to resolve this issue.
Although early enteral nutrition combined with probiotics were supposed to have potential of treating SHI patients, conclusive results have not yet been generated. This protocol will address this issue with quantitative synthesis method.
Objective: The aim of this systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is to determine the effects of early enteral nutrition supplemented with probiotics on clinical outcomes in patients with SHI. Methods and analysis: A systematic search will be carried out in PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanFang database, and Chinese Biomedical Literature (CBM) in order to identify the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigated the potential of early enteral nutrition supplemented with probiotics on patients with severe head injury, as well as we will also manually check the bibliographies of eligible studies and topic-related reviews. We will assign two investigators to independently search all potential citations, extracted data, and appraised risk of bias accordingly, and then STATA software version 12.0 will be used to statistically analyze all data.Ethics and dissemination: The ethics approval and patient written informed consent will not be required because all analyses in the present study will be performed based on data from published studies. We will submit our systematic review to a peer-reviewed scientific journal for publication.
The prevalence of health literacy of Chinese residents for infectious diseases is generally low. It is noted that, this given prevalence is still different between urban and rural areas, with distinction among different regions. Of these all factors, educational level may be an essential one.
Health literacy is the key contributor to maintain and promote the quality of their own health. It is essential to know the overall prevalence of Chinese residents for infectious diseases under the situation of facing the double challenges resulted from new cases and recurrence.
Objective: To systematically investigate the prevalence of health literacy of Chinese residents for infectious disease between 2011 and 2015. Methods: The eligible studies were identified by searching China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database and Chinese Scientific and Technical Periodicals Database. After abstracted information and appraised the risk of bias of all eligible studies, Stata software version12.0 was used to perform statistical analysis. Results: A total of 35 cross-sectional studies, including 94631 residents, were finally included in the present study. All eligible studies were appraised as to have the quality of more than 14 grades. Meta-analysis revealed that the prevalence of health literacy of Chinese residents for infectious disease between 2011 and 2015 was 20.00% (95% CI, 18% to 23%). Conclusion: The prevalence of health literacy of Chinese resident for infectious disease between 2011 and 2015 are extremely low. And thus, it is essential to take targeted health education program depending on the characteristics of diverse group of people in order to improve the overall health of Chinese resident.
This article reviewed the research status and progress in the selection, training and supervision of breast cancer peer educators abroad in order to provide references for further study.
Health education is an effective way to prevent the recurrence of breast cancer. Peer education as a continuous, flexible, low-cost and easily accepted new education model in breast cancer health education make up for many shortcomings of traditional education models based on medical staff.
Breast cancer is one of the most serious malignant and it seriously affects the quality of life and mental health of the patients. Research shows that peer education can improve breast cancer patients’ quality of life, treatment compliance, and self-management behavior. Its selection, training and supervision are particularly important due to the core role of peer educators in peer support. This article reviewed the research status and progress in the selection, training and supervision of breast cancer peer educators abroad in order to provide references for further study.
PubMed was searched using “safety management” for the literature on nursing safety management to analyze hot research areas and the present research status of nursing safety management.
Medical safety has become one of the focus issues in hospital management. As an important part of medical safety, nursing safety plays an essential role
Objective: To analyze hot research areas and the present research status of nursing safety management in PubMed. Methods: PubMed was searched using “safety management” for the literature on nursing safety management. BICOMB 2.0 and SPSS 20.0 software were used to analyze high-frequency keywords and conduct co-word clustering analysis. Results: We searched for totally 2353 articles related to our topic and extracted 19 high-frequency keywords (27.50%). Five research focuses were concluded, including: study on nursing safety culture; team work to promote nursing safety; practice of nursing safety management; workplace violence against nursing staffs; nursing safety and quality evaluation standard. Conclusion: Analysis of the hotspots of nursing safety management in the past 10 years will contribute to understanding the research emphases and trend of development, and provide reference for the study and practice of nursing safety management.
This study integrated the correlation between time management and behavioral self-confidence in nursing student. The correlation varies with the nursing student's area, nursing student's diploma, measurement tools and sample size. These results provided a basis for the improvement of nursing students’ education and clinical capabilities.
To date, there is a lack of studies with large-scale and high quality on the correlation between nurses’ time management and ability self-confidence. This meta-analysis found that time management disposition of nursing students is moderately related to ability confidence, and the association respond to changes in some variables such as area.
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between time management disposition and ability confidence of Nursing Students in China through the Pearson correlation coefficient. Methods: Electronic databases including the Cochrane library, PubMed, EMBASE, the Web of Science, CBM, Wanfang, VIP and CNKI were searched from inception to October 2017 to collect literature on the correlation between time manage-ment disposition and ability confidence of Chinese nursing students. The studies were examined according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. After extracting data and evaluating the quality of the included studies. Meta-analysis was carried out using Stata 12.0 software. Results: A total of 7 articles with 1632 nursing students were included, and the quality of the literature was at medium level. Meta-analysis shown the total score of time management disposition of Chinese nursing students and its three dimensions were related to ability confidence. The summary correlation coefficient between time management disposition and ability confidence was 0.52 (0.43 to 0.59) ; There is a weak correlation between time value and ability confidence (r, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.25 to 0.39); There was a moderate level of correlation between time control and ability confidence (r, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.43 to 0.54); There was a moderate level of correlation between time efficacy and ability confidence (0.47, 0.41, 0.53).And the relevance of nursing time management disposition and behavioral confidence varies with the nursing student's area, nursing student's diploma, measurement tools and sample size. Conclusion: The time management disposition of Chinese nursing students is moderately related to ability confidence. When there are different in nursing students in the area, nursing diploma, measurement tools and sample size, the relevance is very different. The time management disposition of Chinese nursing students and their ability confidence are mutually reinforcing, and the time management disposition and their ability confidence should be further strengthened in the future.
This article evaluated the effect of moxibustion on knee osteoarthritis patients with cumulative meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis was applied to test the authenticity of results.
Pain is a major problem in patients with knee Osteoarthritis. Moxibustion, a traditional non-invasive treatment in China, stimulates specific acupuncture points by the heat from the burning strips to alleviate symptoms, such as muscle strain, osteoarthritis, shoulder pain, neck and back pain.
Objective: To evaluate the effect of moxibustion on knee osteoarthritis patients with cumulative meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis was applied to test the authenticity of results. Methods: We searched PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, CNKI and CBM to collect RCTs about moxibustion on knee osteoarthritis patients. The selection of literature, data extraction and evaluation of eligible literature were carried out independently by two reviewers. Then Stata11.0 software was used for data analysis. Result: Totally 11 RCTs involved 1005 patients were recruited. The results of meta-analysis showed that no significant differences were found between the two groups in VAS, moxibustion is better than drug therapy in effective rate [OR = 0.40, 95%CI (0.27, 0.60)] and knee score [SMD = -0.70, 95%CI (-1.22, -0.19)]. The result of trial sequential analysis indicated that the sample size didn’t reach the TSA Boundary on VAS, the sample size of effectiveness achieved Require Information Size. In the indicator of knee score has obtained certain result before reaching the Require Information Size. Conclusion: moxibustion is superior to drug therapy on treatment knee osteoarthritis. However, large sample size and high-quality studies are still needed.
This article summarizes the systematic assessment and meta analysis of the impact of existing Mediterranean-style diets on cognitive function and evaluates the methodological quality, providing strong evidence for the development of related work and standardizing the research process and methods in this field.
Systematic review has been the effective tool of summarizing the available best evidence; however, the quality of methodology is a positive association with the value of evidence which will be used to inform decision-making. Consequently, this article assesses the methodology of all available systematic reviews of investigated the role of Mediterranean diet in cognitive function.
Background and aim: Several systematic reviews and meta-analyses published within the past years have examined the associations of Mediterranean-style diets (MedSDs) on cognitive. However, these reviews have not been evaluated for satisfying Contemporary methodologies quality standards. At the same time, due to the high demand for related care during the aging process in China, it is necessary to summarize the ex-isting system evaluation and evaluate the quality of it, so as to provide strong evidence for the development of relevant work and to standardize the research process and methods in this field. This study evaluated the quality of recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses on MedSD and cognitive outcomes by using an established methodology quality scale, and to provide some valuable references for future research and Chinese systematic review and meta-analysis developing. Methods: We used the AMSTAR Methodology Quality Assessment Scale to evaluate the quality of methodology of the existing meta-analyses and systematic review. Meta analysis and systematic review that meets our criteria must contain the following characteristics: 1) used systematic or meta-analytic procedures to review the lit-erature, and 2) had MedSD interventions independently. Results: Reviews satisfied with 5 to 9 of the AMSTAR MedSD items (mean 7.35, standard deviation: 1.27), quality is above average with those published in higher-impact journals having a greater quality score. Conclusion: These data suggest that current meta-analyses/systematic reviews evaluating the effect of MedSD on cognitive do not fully meet contemporary methodology quality standards. The methodological quality of the literature needs to be improved. As a result, there are more research questions to answer to enhance our understanding of how MedSD affects cognitive. To clarify associations between MedSD and cognitive, future meta-analyses and systematic reviews should not only follow methodology quality standards but also include more statistical modeling results when data allow. And in order to make the conclusions more reliable, we expect higher quality RCTs in the future.
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