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25 June 2018, Volume 2 Issue 2 Previous Issue    Next Issue
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Review articles
Introducing Chinese food therapy: A review of origin, developing course and modern application
Hui Shi, Wen-Li Zhu, Ya-Mei Yuan, Qing Tao
3TMR Integrative Nursing. 2018, 2 (2): 42-48.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20180301
Abstract ( 938 )   HTML ( 28 )     PDF (365KB) ( 439 )  

Highlights

This review introduced the origin, developing course and modern application of Chinese food therapy in traditional Chinese medicine to enrich our understanding of relevant concepts and ways.

Editor’s Summary

Chinese food therapy, an important part of traditional Chinese medicine. The origins of Chinese food therapy can be traced back to the “Sanhuanwudi” period. It is essential to know Chinese food therapy plays a more important role in clinics and family health care.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This review introduced the origin, developing course and modern application of Chinese food therapy (CFT) in traditional Chinese medicine to enrich our understanding of relevant concepts and ways. Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, CBM, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang Databases were searched for papers on a range of terms relating to CFT. 41 references were finally selected for this review. Results: The development of CFT is comprised of five important periods in Chinese history. They are as following: the infancy period represented by the idea of homogeny of medicine and food; theoretical development period represented by Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor, Shennong’s Classic of Materia Medica and Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases; specialized volumes on CFT represented by Dietotherapy Worth a Thousand Gold; representative monographs on CFT represented by Dietetic Materia Medica and Principles of Correct Diet and the perfect period represented by integration of ancient food therapy practice and modern nutriology. Conclusion: CFT harbors a long and profound history, making great contribution to people’s health maintenance and illness prevention. With the further development of integrative medicine, CFT may play a more important role in clinics and family health care based on integration of syndrome differentiation and disease differentiation.

The application of the mobile information technology in continuous care for hypertension patients
Xue-Yun Hao, Li-Mei Zhao, Cong Wang, Hui Zhang, Yong-Hong Deng, Guo-Min Song
TMR Integrative Nursing. 2018, 2 (2): 49-55.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20180616
Abstract ( 396 )   HTML ( 7 )     PDF (284KB) ( 218 )  

Highlights

This article introduces the concepts of mobile information technology and continuous care, develops a systematic review of the application of mobile information technology for continuous care in patients with hypertension from three aspects.

Editor’s Summary

Hypertension is a universal and worldwide public health problem and is also regarded as one of the most dangerous chronic diseases. This article reviewed the current status of mobile information technology applied in the continuous care of hypertension in China and abroad, provide a reference for mobile information technology application in the clinical practice of continuous hypertension care in China.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This article introduces the concepts of mobile information technology and continuous care, develops a systematic review of the application of mobile information technology for continuous care in patients with hypertension from three aspects: mobile communication technology, internet technology, health management platform, and puts forward the existing questions, influence and the research prospect of the application of mobile information technology using in hypertension continuous care, in order to provide evidence for the application of mobile information technology in continuous care for hypertension patients in clinical practice.

Traditional Chinese medicine nursing in diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A literature review
Yue He, Yu Cui, Tong Ye, Li Dong
TMR Integrative Nursing. 2018, 2 (2): 56-60.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20180621
Abstract ( 537 )   HTML ( 5 )     PDF (260KB) ( 257 )  

Highlights

Evidences has shown that the traditional Chinese medicine nursing not only can improve symptoms of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), the function of the nerve conduction in the foot and blood circulation in patients with diabetes mellitus, but also can adjust the patient’s mood. In addition, it is at a modest price, and thus it should be extensively considered in clinical practice.

Editor’s Summary

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in patients with DPN was considered to be promising option; however several specific techniques have been investigated in extensive trials. And thus, it is es-sental to systematically and comprehensively search and summary the latest findings in this field for the purpose of providing reference for DPN.

ABSTRACT

At present, unified and effective treatment for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is still lacking, however Chinese medicine techniques characterized by syndrome differentiation and treatment, for example traditional Chinese medicine preparations, acupuncture, and fumigation, have been considered the promising alternative for DPN. Traditional Chinese medicine nursing, which is development on the basis of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, uses not only acupuncture, acupoint application and other treatments but also cares for the patient’s diet and emotions in order to promote the recovery of skin and nerve endings in patients with DPN. Vast amounts of studies have explored the efficacies of various TCM nursing techniques in managing DPN, however, the article, which comprehensively documented these TCM nursing techniques in DNP patients, cannot be captured. In the present article, we summarized the latest findings of TCM research on DPN in recent years in order to provide a reference for DPN.

Selection, training and supervision of breast cancer peer educators: A literature review
Ya-Qian Liu, Si-Qi Xiong, Yu-Feng Ma, Wei-Wei Zhang, Chang-De Jin
TMR Integrative Nursing. 2018, 2 (2): 61-67.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20180617
Abstract ( 353 )   HTML ( 4 )     PDF (277KB) ( 180 )  

Highlights

This article reviewed the research status and progress in the selection, training and supervision of breast cancer peer educators abroad in order to provide references for further study.

Editor’s Summary

Health education is an effective way to prevent the recurrence of breast cancer. Peer education as a continuous, flexible, low-cost and easily accepted new education model in breast cancer health education make up for many shortcomings of traditional education models based on medical staff.

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is one of the most serious malignant and it seriously affects the quality of life and mental health of the patients. Research shows that peer education can improve breast cancer patients’ quality of life, treatment compliance, and self-management behavior. Its selection, training and supervision are particularly important due to the core role of peer educators in peer support. This article reviewed the research status and progress in the selection, training and supervision of breast cancer peer educators abroad in order to provide references for further study.

Meta-analysis
Effects of mechanical tongue cleaning on halitosis: A meta-analysis
Chen Chen, Ying-Shu Jin
3TMR Integrative Nursing. 2018, 2 (2): 68-75.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20180303
Abstract ( 649 )   HTML ( 5 )     PDF (714KB) ( 452 )  

Highlights

This meta-analysis systematically evaluatd the efficacy of mechanical tongue cleaning on halitosis, and showed that treatment combined with mechanical tongue cleaning could reduce risks of halitosis and Winkel Tongue Coating Index.

Editor’s Summary

Mechanical tongue cleaning is effective in reducing volatile sulphur compounds. However, there is insufficient evidence indicate the effective of mechanical tongue cleaning on preventing halitosis. This article found that mechanical tongue cleaning could reduce Winkel Tongue Coating Index and improve improve overall oral health condition.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically review the effects of mechanical tongue cleaning on halitosis. Methods: Searching and collecting the RCTs about treatment combine with mechanical tongue cleaning from inception to May 2017 in the databases, like CNKI, VIP, WanFang Data, PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science. Two reviewers screened the literatures according to inclusion and excluding criteria, extracted the data independenly, assessed bias risks. In case of disagreement, the discussion shall be settled by the third reviewer. Meta-analysis was conducted by RevMan 5.3. Results: A total of 4 RCTs with 185 volunteers were included. The results of Meta-analysis showed that treatment combine with mechanical tongue cleaning has an advantage over the control group in the levels of Winkel Tongue Coating Index [MD = 2.15, 95%CI(0.93,3.36), = 0.0006], Organoleptic Assessment [MD = -0.71, 95%CI(-0.95,-0.48), <0.00001], but no significant differences between two groups in Volatile Sulphur Compounds [SMD = -1.13, 95%CI(-2.91,0.65), = 0.21], Bleeding On Probing [MD = -1.01, 95%CI(-7.05,5.03), = 0.74]. Conclusion: Treatment combined with mechanical tongue cleaning could reduce risks of halitosis and Winkel Tongue Coating Index.

The prevalence of health literacy of Chinese residents for infectious disease between 2011 and 2015: findings from a meta-analysis
Chun-Mei Gao, Xing-Yue Qiao, Ge Li, Jing-Bo Zhai, Jin-Hua Si, Chen Zhao, Sheng-Nan Huang
3TMR Integrative Nursing. 2018, 2 (2): 76-86.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20180302
Abstract ( 509 )   HTML ( 6 )     PDF (1113KB) ( 237 )  

Highlights

The prevalence of health literacy of Chinese residents for infectious diseases is generally low. It is noted that, this given prevalence is still different between urban and rural areas, with distinction among different regions. Of these all factors, educational level may be an essential one.

Editor’s Summary

Health literacy is the key contributor to maintain and promote the quality of their own health. It is essential to know the overall prevalence of Chinese residents for infectious diseases under the situation of facing the double challenges resulted from new cases and recurrence.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically investigate the prevalence of health literacy of Chinese residents for infectious disease between 2011 and 2015. Methods: The eligible studies were identified by searching China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database and Chinese Scientific and Technical Periodicals Database. After abstracted information and appraised the risk of bias of all eligible studies, Stata software version12.0 was used to perform statistical analysis. Results: A total of 35 cross-sectional studies, including 94631 residents, were finally included in the present study. All eligible studies were appraised as to have the quality of more than 14 grades. Meta-analysis revealed that the prevalence of health literacy of Chinese residents for infectious disease between 2011 and 2015 was 20.00% (95% CI, 18% to 23%). Conclusion: The prevalence of health literacy of Chinese resident for infectious disease between 2011 and 2015 are extremely low. And thus, it is essential to take targeted health education program depending on the characteristics of diverse group of people in order to improve the overall health of Chinese resident.

Original articles
Community nurses’ knowledge need toward traditional chinese medicine and related factors in China: A cross-sectional survey
Yu Li, Zhi-Qi Chen, Dong-Qin Kang, Qi Liu, Zi-Pan Wang, Jing Wang, Shu-Jin Yue
TMR Integrative Nursing. 2018, 2 (2): 87-93.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20180618
Abstract ( 433 )   HTML ( 5 )     PDF (424KB) ( 176 )  

Highlights

This study was to examine the knowledge need toward Traditional Chinese Medicine in nurses who worked in Community Health Centers, and to explore the related factors in the current situation of China. The results suggested nurses working in community care would like to learn more about TCM. Improving community nurses’ understanding and learning of TCM can promote the application and promotion of TCM nursing technology in the community.

Editor’s Summary

Community nurses play an important role in disease prevention, medicine, health care, rehabilitation, health education, and technical guidance on family planning. It is important to understand the needs of community nurses for TCM knowledge, in order to improve the knowledge level and nursing skills of TCM. This study was to examine the knowledge need toward TCM in CHC’ nurses in China and to explore the related factors

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The aim of the study was to examine the knowledge need toward Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in nurses who worked in Community Health Centers, and to explore the related factors in the current situation of China. Subject and setting: Participants worked in five community health centres across Chaoyang Beijing, and each community health centre includes 4-7 health stations. A questionnaire survey was administered to 218 registered community nurses using cluster sampling. The investigation was conducted after obtaining informed consent from each participant. Design: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used to gather data in this study. Instruments: The survey tool was a 5-point Likert-type questionnaire designed by experts in TCM and related fields, which had good face validity and internal consistency. Results: The nursing technology of TCM scored highest score in our research (42.87 ± 5.74). Next came disease prevention in TCM (21.02 ± 2.67). The lowest mean score was for the usage of Chinese herbal medicine (15.03 ± 2.77). The significant related factors for nurses’ knowledge need towards TCM were educational background (P < 0.05), working unit (P < 0.01), “on-the-job training on TCM” (P < 0.01) and “have studied literature on Chinese medicine” (P < 0.05). Conclusion: This results suggest nurses working in community care would like to learn more about TCM. Improving community nurses’ understanding and learning of TCM can promote the application and promotion of TCM nursing technology in the community. Therefore, we could adopt targeted education for community nurses, in order to meet their knowledge needs, and to promote the application of traditional Chinese medicine knowledge to the community.

The effects of colleague solidarity and affective commitment on nurses’ intent to stay
Hong Li, Xiao-Li Pang, Lan-Tian Xie
TMR Integrative Nursing. 2018, 2 (2): 94-100.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20180619
Abstract ( 403 )   HTML ( 1 )     PDF (404KB) ( 286 )  

Highlights

This paper investigated the status of intent to stay among nurses, and explored the effects of colleague solidarity and affective commitment on nurses’ intent to stay and whether affective commitment played a mediating role on the relationship between colleague solidarity and intent to stay?

Editor’s Summary

The nursing shortage is a critical challenge all over the world. It is important to note that this condition has a negative impact on patients’ outcomes and quality of nursing care. It is thus important to deeply explore the current status and possible factors of intent to stay among nurses. Interestingly, this article addresses this scientific question.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this paper was to determine the effects of colleague solidarity and affective commitment on intent to stay among nurses, and to provide the basis for developing more effective retention strategies. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out and a sample of 346 registered nurses was recruited in convenience sampling method from three tertiary hospitals in Tianjin, China. A self-administrative questionnaire was used in order to collect data. All analyses were performed using SPSS 17.0 software. Results: The mean scores for colleague solidarity, affective commitment and intent to stay of nurses were 3.61 ± 0.50, 3.26 ± 0.55, and 3.54 ± 0.67, respectively. The nurses’ colleague solidarity and each dimension, affective commitment and intent to stay showed a positive correlation (r = 0.141 - 0.709, P < 0.01). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that emotional solidarity, academic solidarity and affective commitment entered intent to stay regression equation (β = 0.170 - 0.437, P < 0.001) and explained 45.3% of the total variation in nurses’ intent to stay, and emotional solidarity became the strongest predictor (β = 0.437, P < 0.001). Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that affective commitment played a partial moderating role on the relationship between colleague solidarity and intent to stay (β = 0.174 - 0.659, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Hospital administrators and managers should develop effective strategies to enhance colleague solidarity and affective commitment among nurses, which will ultimately increase nurses’ intent to stay.

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