Please wait a minute...
90Life Research  2019, Vol. 2 Issue (2): 64-70    DOI: 10.12032/life2019-0425-003
Effects of music therapy in depression and anxiety disorder
Ednaldo Antonio dos Santos1,*(), Esperanza Marchant Sanchez1, Maria Angeles Niguez Ortiz1, Maria Amparo Oliver Germes1
1Doctoral Program in Promotion of Autonomy and Social Healthcare in the Unit, University of Valencia.
Download: HTML     PDF(1019KB)
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      


Mental disorders are considerate "the evil of the century" by renowned researchers, because a large part of the population in many countries is a diagnosticated, and currently affect youth and children. Among the numerous therapeutic interventions, the music therapy is a non-invasive approach. However, there are very few people who are professionally engaged in research and studies on the subject. Therefore, this article is a literature to talk about the benefits of music therapy sessions for people with stress, depression and anxiety disorders.

Key wordsmusic therapy      anxiety disorder      depression disorders      stresses      non-invasive techniques     
Received: 14 January 2019      Published: 24 April 2019
Corresponding Authors: Ednaldo Antonio dos Santos     E-mail:
Cite this article:

Ednaldo Antonio dos Santos, Esperanza Marchant Sanchez, Maria Angeles Niguez Ortiz, Maria Amparo Oliver Germes. Effects of music therapy in depression and anxiety disorder. 90Life Research, 2019, 2(2): 64-70.


URL:     OR

[1]   Reece JB, Meyers N, Urry LA, et al.Campbell biology. Ed. Ninth Edition. Australia. 2011.
[2]   UE. Monitoring the Social Impact of the Crisis: Public Perceptions in the European Union. Brussels Belgium. 2010.
[3]   OMS. Problem-solving Approach in People with Depressive Symptoms(in Absence of Depressive Episode/Disorder). Swiss Geneva. 2013.
[4]   Vogli RD, Marmot M, Stuckler D.Strong evidence that the economic crisis caused a rise in suicides in Europe: the need for social protection. J Epidemiol Commun H 2013; 67(4):298.
doi: 10.1136/jech-2012-202112 pmid: 23322855
[5]   OMS. Impact of Economic Crisis on Mental Health. Denmark. 2011.
[6]   Rio RP.The Fascination of Stress. Ed. QualityMark, Belo Horizonte - Brazil. 1995.
[7]   Montoya LP, Gutiérrez JA, Toro BE, et al.Depression in university students and their association with academic stress. CES Magazine Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics. 2010; 24(1):7-17.
[8]   Doublet S.The problems with stress. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 1998; 12(4):247-261.
doi: 10.1037/0893-164X.12.4.247
[9]   DSM V.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th Ed). Washington DC, Washington. 2016; 20.
[10]   OPSS. Spring report - Crisis and health, a country in distress, Lisbon, Portugal. 2012.
[11]   Andrade LHSG, Gorenstein C.General aspects of anxiety assessment scales. J Clin Psychiat. 1998; 25(6):285-290.
[12]   Pigott TA.Anxiety disorders in women. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2003; 26(3):621-672.
doi: 10.1016/S0193-953X(03)00040-6
[13]   Castilho ARGL, Recondo R, Asbahr FR, et al.Anxiety disorder. Journal of Brasileira Psychiatry. 2000; 22:20-23.
[14]   Moscovici F.Interpersonal Development: Group Training. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 2001.
[15]   McEwen B, Lasley EN. The End of Stress as we know it. S.I. Dana Press. New York. 2004.
[16]   Forlenza OV.Depressive Disorders in the Elderly. Ed. Atheneu. Sao Paulo, Brazil. 2000; 299-308.
[17]   Anderson IM, Nutt DJ, Deakin JF.Evidence-based guidelines for treating depressive disorders with antidepressants: a revision of the 1993 British Association for Psychopharmacology guidelines. British Association for Psychopharmacology. 2000; 14(1):3-20.
[18]   Hetem LA, Scaldo MZ.Pharmacotherapy. Ed. Atheneu. Sao Paulo, Brazil. 2004; 329-347.
[19]   Kelly JA, Murphy DA, Bahr GR, et al.Outcome of cognitive-behavioral and support group therapies for depressed, HIV-infected persons. Am J Psychiatry. 1993; 150:1679-1686.
doi: 10.1176/ajp.150.11.1679 pmid: 8214177
[20]   Castilho A.The dynamics of group work. Ed. Qualitymark. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 1998.
[21]   Camacho P.Music Therapy, Body and Mind Worship.Ed. University of La Rioja, Spain. 2006; 155-188.
[22]   Christian Bible.1 Samuel 16:23. Ed. University of La Rioja, Spain.
[23]   Platao P.The Republic. Ed. Martin Claret. Sao Paulo, Brazil. 2000.
[24]   Dewhurst MO.Healing By Sound: The Self-Help Technique. Ed. Madras, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 1988.
[25]   Bruscia KE.Defining Music Therapy. Ed. Enelivros. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 2000; 276.
[26]   Bruscia KE.Defining Music Therapy. Enelivros. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 2016.
[27]   Cuijpers P, Straten AV, Warmerdam L.Problem solving therapies for depression: a metaanalysis. Eur Psychiatry. 2007; 22:9-15.
doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2006.11.001 pmid: 17194572
[28]   Agudelo G.Music: a Factor of Social and Human Evolution (II). Red Científica. 2002.
[29]   Valentin F, Craveiro LS, Esperidião E.Group music therapeutic practices: planning to intervene. Brazilian Journal of Music Therapy. 2013; 118-13.
[30]   Wallon H.From Act to Thought. Ed Voices. Petrópolis, Brazil. 2008; 33.
[31]   Bush CA.The Music and Therapy of Images: Path to the Inner Self. Ed. Cultrix. Sao Paulo, Brazil. 1999; 221.
[32]   Steffen L.Singing: nonverbal elements and state of humor in the music therapy process. Brazilian Journal of Music Therapy. 2011.
[33]   Queiroz GJP.The Balance of Temperament through Music. Ed. Cultrix. Sao Paulo, Brazil. 2007; 125.
[34]   Meur AD, Staes L.Psychomotricity: Education and Re-education. Ed. Manole. Sao Paulo, Brazil. 1991; 10.
[35]   Krob DB.Deconstructing Amelia: Music Therapy with Women in Situation of Domestic Violence from Feminist Theology. University EST. Sao Leopoldo, Brazil. 2013.
[36]   Silva VAD, Sales CA.Musical encounters as a resource in oncological palliative care for users of support houses. Journal of the Nursing School of USP. 2013; 47(3):626-633.
[37]   Gaston T.Music Therapy Treaty. Ed. Paidós. Buenos Aires, Argentina. 1998.
[38]   Prodossimo CC.Music Therapy In Work Environments. Ed. Universty of Artes the Paraná. Curitiba, Brazil. 2015.
[39]   Teixeira CM, Zanini CRO, Barreto IS.Music Therapy and the Organizational Context. Federal University of Goiá, Brazil. 2003.
[40]   Brabo RJ. Music therapy applied in the treatment and prevention of stress. Brazilian Journal of Music Therapy. 1996; 25-27.
[41]   Macdonald R, Wilson G.Musical improvisation and health: a review. Psychol Well Being. 2014; 4:1-20.
doi: 10.1186/s13612-014-0020-9
[42]   Donald M.Origins of Modern Yhought. Ed. Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon. 1999.
[43]   Gomez SR, Durán AL, Cabra SLJ, et al.Music therapy for the control of dental anxiety in children with Down syndrome. Promoc Health. 2012; 17(2):13-24.
[44]   Jauset J.Music and Neuroscience: Music Therapy. Ed. UOC. Barcelona, Spain. 2011.
[45]   Hermogenes J.Yoga for Nervous. Ed. Record New Era. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 2001; 49.
[46]   Valenti VE, Guida HL, Frizzo AC, et al.Auditory stimulation and cardiac autonomic regulation. Journal Clinics. 2012; 67(8):955-958.
doi: 10.6061/clinics/2012(08)16 pmid: 22948465
[47]   Bernal CR.Dyslexia and Music Therapy. Magazine of the Royal Victoria Eugenia Superior Conservatory of Granada. 2012.
[1] Haoran Zhang. Traditional Chinese medicine five-tone therapy[J]. 90Life Research, 2019, 2(2): 80-83.
[2] Shiruli Dash. The impact of genetic and cultural factors on anorexia and bulimia[J]. 90Life Research, 2019, 2(2): 71-79.
[3] Ferdinando M. Suvini. The application of improvisational music therapy in autism[J]. 90Life Research, 2019, 2(2): 52-58.