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Whether Chinese physiognomy has scientific basis?
Life Research editorial group
90Life Research    2018, 1 (1): 30-31.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2018-0711-006
Abstract ( 2150 HTML PDF (798KB) ( 493 )  
The implicit stress of eating meat
Christopher Anthony David, Peter Gerard Coan
90Life Research    2018, 1 (1): 9-17.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2018-0711-003
Abstract ( 1853 HTML PDF (6125KB) ( 454 )  

This paper gives a brief overview of the evolutionary history of human diet, discusses various reasons why some modern humans choose to abstain from eating animal products, and explores the psychological effects occasioned by the eating of meat. The authors argue that when modern, scientifically literate humans choose to eat meat and animal-milk-based products, while being simultaneously aware of the associated poor outcomes in terms of personal health, environmental sustainability, and animal suffering, then psychological stress is an inevitable outcome. They highlight some key recent additions to the growing body of evidence which demonstrates that the choice to eat meat is a factor in environmental destruction, animal misery, and personal health risks, and explore the causes and consequences of the predictable psychological stresses that result for those individuals who continue to habitually eat meat.

A review of acupuncture and moxibustion in treating children with cerebral palsy sitting disorder
Chaoxi Zhu, Fanrong Liang
90Life Research    2018, 1 (1): 18-22.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2018-0711-004
Abstract ( 1011 HTML PDF (2892KB) ( 238 )  

Cerebral palsy is one of the important factors in children's disability. Patients’ seat dysfunction has a serious impact on their daily life and their family. However, there is currently no effective treatment for the cerebral palsy seat dysfunction. So, it is of importance to search a new way to make a breakthrough. Acupuncture has significant advantages in the treatment of functional disorders. In this paper, the literature about clinical research of acupuncture treatment of cerebral palsy seat dysfunction are summarized. We have carried on the mechanism analysis of sports medicine respectively from three angles, including traditional Chinese medicine, western medicine and traditional Chinese and western medicine combined with sports medicine. We conclude that acupuncturing acupoints on Du meridian, Beishu points and Jiaji points has significant effect on the function of sitting unable children with cerebral palsy, such as strengthening the spleen, tonifying the kidney and promoting Yangqi and stimulating the sensory nerve and so on. Acupuncturing points for the treatment of cerebral palsy provides a lot of inspiration for human physiology research in the future and clinical treatment of neurological diseases.

A survey of brain-inspired artificial intelligence and its engineering
Shuangming Yang, Xinyu Hao, Bin Deng, Xile Wei, Huiyan Li, Jiang Wang
90Life Research    2018, 1 (1): 23-29.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2018-0711-005
Abstract ( 968 HTML PDF (4436KB) ( 312 )  

Exploring the human brain is perhaps the most challenging and fascinating scientific issue in the 21st century. It will facilitate the development of various aspects of the society, including economics, education, health care, national defense and daily life. The artificial intelligence techniques are becoming useful as an alternate method of classical techniques or as a component of an integrated system. They are used to solve complicated problems in various fields and becoming increasingly popular nowadays. Especially, the investigation of human brain will promote the artificial intelligence techniques, utilizing the accumulating knowledge of neuroscience, brain-machine interface techniques, algorithms of spiking neural networks and neuromorphic supercomputers. Consequently, we provide a comprehensive survey of the research and motivations for brain-inspired artificial intelligence and its engineering over its history. The goals of this work are to provide a brief review of the research associated with brain-inspired artificial intelligence and its related engineering techniques, and to motivate further work by elucidating challenges in the field where new researches are required.

Effects of music therapy in depression and anxiety disorder
Ednaldo Antonio dos Santos, Esperanza Marchant Sanchez, Maria Angeles Niguez Ortiz, Maria Amparo Oliver Germes
90Life Research    2019, 2 (2): 64-70.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0425-003
Abstract ( 884 HTML PDF (1019KB) ( 292 )  

Mental disorders are considerate "the evil of the century" by renowned researchers, because a large part of the population in many countries is a diagnosticated, and currently affect youth and children. Among the numerous therapeutic interventions, the music therapy is a non-invasive approach. However, there are very few people who are professionally engaged in research and studies on the subject. Therefore, this article is a literature to talk about the benefits of music therapy sessions for people with stress, depression and anxiety disorders.

Efficacy of Qigong for the treatment of alopecia universalis:a clinical case report
Gómez Jensen Alberto Alejandro, Martínez Diana Elina, Wan Qing Guo
90Life Research    2019, 2 (1): 8-13.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0125-002
Abstract ( 716 HTML PDF (879KB) ( 158 )  

Qigong is a part of traditional Chinese medicine. According to the antique treaties, the foundations of traditional Chinese medicine are based in maintaining the harmony between Qi (energy), Jing (essence) and Shen (spirit). Alterations in this harmony can develop and determine the appearance of disease. Therapeutic effects of Qigong are helpful in the prevention and treatment of several diseases. It's main role in restoring body functions is due to the communication between internal organs, tissues and cells. The main goal of this work is to show the efficacy of Qigong in the treatment of a dermatological disease characterized by the appearance of circular or oval patches of missing hair, known as alopecia universalis. For western medicine the exact cause of this illness is not totally revealed, however, it's attributed to psycological, genetics and metabolic alterations. From the traditional Chinese medicine perspective, hair alterations are framed in the area of the water energy, represented by the kidney organ. The results of Qigong treatment suggested that the cranial hair follicles had been activated since the first treatment. As treatment progressed, the cranial hair follicles continued to grow, what's more, the brightness and pigmentation of the hair also increased. Therefore, in the clinical conditions evaluated, Qigong could be an effective alternative treatment in consideration of the visible evidence about rapid and long lasting results. Besides, we did not observe any side effects of Qigong in this case.

Young adults with depression—are we paying attention?—a review on depression in teenagers in the 21st Century
Shiruli Dash
90Life Research    2018, 1 (2): 32-39.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2018-0811-001
Abstract ( 648 HTML PDF (1009KB) ( 239 )  

This review dives into the wide prevalence of depression among the adolescents of the current generation. The goal is to bring to light the interrelationship of factors that bring about depression and which, thus, must be the focus if more effective approaches to treating depression are to be established. The review forms the groundwork of depression, touching upon early history and progressing to prominent research studies that have been carried out across the globe. The role of drugs and peer pressure has been tied to the neurobiology of different regions of the brain and hormonal influences have simultaneously been studied. Questions have been raised and a critical analysis of the roots of depression has been made. Through an original interview conducted by the author with ten teenagers battling depression, the review highlights the universality of depression and the importance of acknowledging it and treating it in one of the most influential age groups today: the teenagers.

A darkfield microscopic evaluation of the live blood effects caused by Moringa oleifera
Howard W. Fisher, Colombe Gauvin
90Life Research    2019, 2 (3): 87-92.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0725-002
Abstract ( 529 HTML PDF (5462KB) ( 102 )  

Erythrocyte aggregation is the tendency of erythrocytes to form aggregates whose shapes change according to normal variations or pathological conditions. Consequently, regardless of cause, these anomalies effect changes to flow dynamics and predispose the inability to carry out transportation activities and decrease functional capillary density or decrease erythrocyte surface area, also decreasing functional efficiency. Functional capillary density is the determination of the number of capillaries in an area that have erythrocyte flow and relates to the subsequent ability of the blood to deliver nutrients, fluid and solute exchange, and waste product excretion. Red blood cell aggregation has a significant impact on functional capillary density. Moringa oleifera, one of the most phytonutrient dense plants as identified by the NIH, has garnered interest by those involved with anti-aging medicine. The US National Institutes of Health, the nation’s medical research agency whose mission is to seek fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and the application of that knowledge to enhance health, lengthen life, and reduce the burdens of illness and disability, has affirmed Moringa oleifera can “arrest, reverse, and cure, over 300 different diseases and disorders.” Regular use of Moringa oleifera has been shown to have a multitude of health benefits. In addition to this, Moringa oleifera provides all of the essential amino acids, vital vitamins, contains several important minerals, is an incredibly powerful antioxidant, is high in fiber, stimulates the immune system to fight cancerous cells, tumours, ulcers, epileptic seizures and cleanses and detoxifies the entire body. Moringa oleifera has been shown to protect platelets against aggregation. In this investigation, live blood microscopic evaluation indicates positive changes in the shape and spatial orientation of the erythrocytes and decreased incidence of aggregation and rouleaux indicating improved functional capillary density. In conclusion, a proprietary formula of raw organic Moringa oleifera has empirically demonstrated subjective beneficial changes in patients who have supplemented with this formula.

The association between craniofacial gene and oncogene
Haoran Zhang, Xinxiao Lu, Xiongzhi Wu
90Life Research    2018, 1 (1): 2-8.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2018-0711-002
Abstract ( 527 HTML PDF (4479KB) ( 220 )  

As early as 2000 years ago, ancient Chinese medical records had described the relationship between diseases and appearance in detail. Moreover, modern medicine has also constantly studied the relationship between facial features and health in evolutionary terms. It is well known that many hereditary diseases involve certain abnormal facial features and gene mutations. The tumor is also considered as genetic disorder to some extent, so what is the relationship between cancer genetics and congenital development of facial features? Here, we reviewed some clues to the appearance-gene-tumor relation, which might become the targets in the early prevention or gene therapy of cancer in the future. This summary provided us a new strategy for the cancer genetic screening and a new research direction for genetic diagnosis of the potential disease.

Depression and the ending of depression: tradition, science and subjectivities
Christopher Anthony David, Peter Gerard Coan
90Life Research    2018, 1 (2): 68-72.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2018-0811-006
Abstract ( 505 HTML PDF (1648KB) ( 151 )  

What is depression? What causes it? How many people suffer from it? Why does it affect some people and not others? How can we test objectively whether a person is depressed or not? How can we best help depressed people? In this brief comment paper, we show that answers to these questions found in the current medical research literature are far from conclusive. We also point to existing research on alternative and complementary approaches to these questions, and call for more research in all these areas, especially incorporating ideas from Asian traditional medicine and religious traditions. Many successful approaches to the treatment of depression have originated outside the scientific community, and high quality unbiased research investigating the effectiveness of such methods has a significant contribution to make to scientific knowledge in this area.

The exploration of information therapy forautism and dementia
Kean Hin Ooi, Pei See Sew, Irma van Tuil
90Life Research    2019, 2 (1): 1-7.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0125-004
Abstract ( 486 HTML PDF (984KB) ( 181 )  

This article provides explanations to how distance external Qi therapy works by quoting various rigorously designed controlled experiments conducted at various parts of the world. It also introduces a new method of therapy, information therapy that relies on the entanglement of information carried by low hissing sound playback with mp3 player to entangle with the information of subjects exhibited by the facial photo with the whole system placed in a sealed carton. Preliminary results have shown huge potential for information therapy to be applied on neurological cases, particularly on autism and dementia.

The relationship between the gender difference of depression and the polymorphism of AC-cAMP-PKA-CREB
Xiaobin Meng, Bo Zhao
90Life Research    2018, 1 (2): 51-56.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2018-0811-004
Abstract ( 473 HTML PDF (1071KB) ( 120 )  

According to the study, 5-HT mediated AC-cAMP-PKA-CREB is associated with the onset of depression. In recent years, many researchers have expounded the pathogenesis of depression from the perspective of genetic polymorphism. Depression incidence has obvious gender differences, but its mechanism is not clear. Is depression genetically determined? Or does it result from one or more pathological determinants pathological? Which one is more important? On the basis of previous studies, the 5-HT mediated AC-cAMP-PKA-CREB pathway on four protein (5-HT1AR, 5-HT2AR, BDNF, TrkB) whose gene polymorphism and expression may be the keys. Further, 5-HT mediated AC-cAMP-PKA-CREB signaling pathway may be related to Gender differences in depression, so their gene polymorphism variation may provide new ideas for the research on gender differences in depression.

Meta-analysis of NKX 2-5 polymorphisms on the risk of cardiovascular disease
Bo Liang, Mengting Jing, Huiling Liao
90Life Research    2018, 1 (2): 57-67.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2018-1025-005
Abstract ( 461 HTML PDF (2559KB) ( 137 )  

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading global cause of the death. Genetic polymorphisms in NKX 2-5 are found to be associated with CVD. However, the results were inconsistent and inconclusive. The present study performed a meta-analysis to get a more precise and comprehensive estimation of the association between the genetic polymorphisms in NKX 2-5 and the risk of CVD. The databases Pubmed, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data and CQVIP were searched for related studies. A total of 9 studies including 1516 cases and 1438 controls were identified for the meta-analysis. The results indicate that the genetic polymorphisms in NKX 2-5 were associated with the significantly risks of CVD in the allelic model, dominant model, codominant model and superdominant model of rs3729753 (OR = 1.94, 2.00, 2.00 and 0.50 respectively) and rs118026695 (OR = 1.83, 1.98, 2.02 and 0.49 respectively). No significant associations were found between rs2277923 and g.1467G > A and CVD susceptibility in any of the studies. Therefore, rs3729753 and rs118026695 might be recommended as a predictor for the risk of CVD, while rs2277923 and g.1467G > A are not.

Taijiquan's Enigma
C.P. Ong
90Life Research    2019, 2 (1): 31-44.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0125-007
Abstract ( 443 HTML PDF (1462KB) ( 144 )  

Taijiquan is a martial art of the highest order is culturally etched in the Chinese heritage and entrenched in wushu pulp fiction and kungfu movies. Therein lies the enigma. The gentle slow-motion practice cannot be more remote from the speed and power of combat. And adding to the mystique is the proposition that Taijiquan's kungfu prowess is not drawn from the physical strength of the musculature but from some "inner strength" or Neijin. This sacred belief was desecrated when a fighter thrashed a self-proclaimed Taijiquan grandmaster ignominiously in 10 seconds in an open match. Taijiquan was then derided as a bogus combat art. The incident shakes the foundation of Taijiquan and puts into questions many of its touted claims, which challenges the scientific quest of the art. The paper confronts the issue directly by studying the manifestation of Neijin in the framework of science to provide a scientific basis for the art. It transcribes the yin-yang metaphysics that regulates Taijiquan training in terms of the alignment of muscle actions to balance and to unify momentum, which develops the core strength of Neijin and the underlying life-force Qi energy. From this flows the kungfu marvels, which lie in the liveliness and agility of Neijin's response and in the force ensuing that is of the right vector values, all essential in the fluidity of combat application. The martial aspect of Taijiquan provides a concrete representation of Neijin, which gives an experiential insight into the multifaceted concept of Qi, and in turn a pathway to the exploration of Qi in physiology and thus in Qi energy medicine.

Traditional Chinese medicine five-tone therapy
Haoran Zhang
90Life Research    2019, 2 (2): 80-83.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0425-005
Abstract ( 413 HTML PDF (399KB) ( 99 )  

From the perspective of the application of medical value orientation music therapy, this paper summarized the ancient Chinese sound therapy, such as shaman music therapy and five-tone therapy. It also compared five-tone therapy with Tibetan Singing bowl music therapy. The ancient music therapy is a kind of medical means which is oriented to the treatment effect. At first, it was mainly based on the music medical behavior of Taoist, and then gradually evolved into the modern treatment application of folk pentatonic therapy. On the basis of inheritance and development of ancient traditional music treatment, contemporary medicine proposed a new individualized music treatment. Therefore, the theory of five-tone therapy has updated the research on traditional Chinese music treatment theory and system, and will provide reference for the establishment of accurate music treatment system in the future.

Research progress of physical activity among patients with coronary heart disease: a literature review
Tingting Liu, Yaqian Liu, Mengjie Lei, Lina Meng, Changde Jin
90Life Research    2018, 1 (2): 45-50.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2018-0921-003
Abstract ( 404 HTML PDF (910KB) ( 159 )  

As early as 2000 years ago, Huangdineijing, a classic Traditional Chinese Medicine book, has recorded that the heart plays a leading role in the operation of all organs, and if the function of the heart is unnormal, then the organs of the subordinates cannot perform their duties, thus affecting the normal physiological function activities. It also pointed out that temperate physical activity could make the body's airflow smooth, qi and blood balanced, and visceral function active, which was conducive to the physical and mental health of the human body. In modern medicine, coronary heart disease is also one of the most common coronary disease which affects people's health. And physical activity is proved to be closely related to rehabilitation and prognosis of patients with coronary heart disease. Since physical activity is good for coronary heart disease, so what is the current level of physical activity in patients with coronary heart disease? And what is the causes of different levels of it? Here, we reviewed the measurement and influencing factors of physical activity for coronary heart disease patients. This literature provided a basis for medical personnels to develop personalized exercise program.

Is Taijiquan a martial art or a dance?
C.P. Ong
90Life Research    2019, 2 (1): 48-51.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0125-006
Abstract ( 363 HTML PDF (614KB) ( 121 )  

After Xiaodong Xu, a Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) fighter, summarily crushed Wei Lei, a self-proclaimed Taijiquan grandmaster, in 10 seconds, he mocked Taijiquan, as well as other traditional kungfu arts as mostly fake and ineff ective in combat. The humiliation of the defeat and the put-down of the traditional arts touched a raw nerve. The wushu community was thrown into a convulsion and the Chinese social media went viral. The cultural comfort of the sacred belief of kungfu's superiority was shaken at the very core. The furor raged on for days and so consumed the cyberspace that the Chinese authorities shut down the debate and deactivated Xu's Weibo account.


Using Qi flow in Taiji effecting structural change in feetand reduced pain: a case report
Suzanne Newnham
90Life Research    2019, 2 (1): 14-21.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0125-003
Abstract ( 350 HTML PDF (2336KB) ( 81 )  

In the article, the author reports on a case study of chronic pain problems caused by her own foot deformity. The author began using Taiji, Chen style Chan Si Gong (Reeling Silk), and Zhan Zhuang (standing meditation) to relieve chronic pain since 1986. After more than two years of Qigong training, the structure of the author's foot changed from the previous deformity to normal foot shape. These changes enabled the author to walk normally and to be free from persistent chronic pain. The article discussed the methods of using Qi currents and other issues that need to be paid attention to when practicing Tai chi, such as how to adjust one's mental focus and maintain a state of relaxation to "mindful". Tai chi involves a number of internal "micro-adjusting" about how these techniques relax and strengthen muscles to reduce chronic pain. The report and discussion on the treatment principle of Qigong can provide new strategies for the treatment of chronic pain.

Revealing the unseen human energy-- scientific understanding of Qigong
Life Research Editorial Group
90Life Research    2019, 2 (1): 45-47.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0125-001
Abstract ( 335 HTML PDF (2439KB) ( 68 )  

According to the earliest historical book in China (Shangshu), during the reign of Emperor Yao more than 4,000 years ago, people in central plains suffered from diseases such as joint pain due to the bad weather. So, they created some unique movements to regulate and improve the bodily functions, such as stretching the body to dissipate heat, curling up the body to keep out the cold. A large number of records in ancient Chinese books showed that Qigong practice was quite popular in ancient times. In particular, the book "Huangdi Neijing" describes in detail the requirements of practicing Qigong and the effect that can make people live longer, which is also known as "Daoyin". In modern age, various types of Qigong are still very popular around the world, such as Taiji Quan (Tai Chi), Baduan Jin, Wuqin Xi, and Six-character Formula in China, Yoga in India, Heka in Egypt and so on.