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Medical Data Mining  2019, Vol. 2 Issue (3): 110-117    DOI: 10.12032/mdm2018022
Article     
Effects of Pilates exercise on balance, walking and lower limbs motor function in stroke patients: A meta-analysis
Ya-Nan Leng1, Min Zhang1, Yu-Qi Li1, Ting-Ting Liu1, Xiao-Li Pang2*
1Department of Graduate, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 301617, China;
2Department of Nursing, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 301617, China.
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Abstract  Objective: To systematically evaluate the effects of Pilates exercise on balance, walking and lower limbs motor function in stroke patients. Methods: The literature databases such as the Cochrane Library, EMbase, PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedicine Database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP) and Wan Fang database (Wan Fang) were retrieved. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding the effects of Pilates exercise on balance, walking and lower limbs motor function of stroke patients were retrieved. Data were collected and evaluated independently by two researchers. Then, we adopted RevMan 5.3 software to perform a meta-analysis. Results: A total of 5 RCTs were included, including 182 subjects were chosen. The result showed that compared with the routine care group, Pilates exercise can effectively improve the balance of stroke patients when they have trained eight weeks [MD=4.71, 95%CI (2.14, 7.28), P=0.0003], shorten the time of the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) [MD=-1.63, 95%CI (-2.69, -0.56), P=0.003], increase the stride velocity [MD=3.83, 95%CI (1.43, 6.23), P=0.002]. However, the evidence did not support the effectiveness of Pilates exercise on increasing the score of Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremity (FMA-LE) of stroke patients [MD=6.70, 95%CI (-3.46, 16.86), P=0.20]. Conclusion: The findings suggest that Pilates could improve the balance and walking speed of stroke patients. However, there still is the lack of the evidence in improving lower limb function. Due to the limitation of the quality of the included studies. high-quality studies still should be conducted to investigate the effect of Pilates exercise in stroke patients.

Key wordsPilates exercise      Stroke      Balance      Walking      Meta- analysis     
Published: 28 September 2019
R54  
Fund:  This research was supported by the Key Program of Tianjin Education Committee (171006301C).
Corresponding Authors: Xiao-Li Pang, Department of Nursing, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China. Email: pangxiaoli1976@163.com   
E-mail: pangxiaoli1976@163.com
Cite this article:

Ya-Nan Leng, Min Zhang, Yu-Qi Li, Ting-Ting Liu, Xiao-Li Pang. Effects of Pilates exercise on balance, walking and lower limbs motor function in stroke patients: A meta-analysis. Medical Data Mining, 2019, 2(3): 110-117.

URL:

https://www.tmrjournals.com/mdm/EN/10.12032/mdm2018022     OR     https://www.tmrjournals.com/mdm/EN/Y2019/V2/I3/110

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