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9TMR Non-Drug Therapy  2019, Vol. 2 Issue (3): 72-77    DOI: 10.12032/TMRND201902014
Exercise and behavioral therapy     
Evaluation of therapeutic effects of self-made pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation on elderly female stress urinary incontinence
Wei Yuan1,*()
1Tianjin University of Sport, Tianjin 301617, China.
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Highlights

Self-created pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation was initially proved to have the function of decreasing the quantity of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) instead of the frequency of incontinence.

Editor’s Summary

The self-created pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation training exercise, based on Kaigl experiment and pelvic floor muscle training methods, has the function of decreasing the quantity of urinary incontinence on SUI in elderly women, indicating the potential application prospects of non-drug therapy on SUI.

Abstract

Objective: Create a pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation program and explore its effects on stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in elderly women. Methods: Pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation was created based on Kaigl experiment and pelvic floor muscle training methods. 20 elderly women aged 65-75 years with SUI were randomly recruited for 10 weeks of pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation. Self-control study was used to compare the 72-hour average frequency of urinary incontinence, the average score of urinary incontinence questionnaire-simple form (ICIQ-SF) of international urinary incontinence advisory committee, the severity index of urinary incontinence and the weight of 1 hour urine pad before and after rehibition. Results: After 10 weeks of pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation training, the 72-hour average frequency of urinary incontinence was 1.02 ± 0.65 times, which was not statistically different from that before training (1.25 ± 0.71, P > 0.05). The score of ICIQ-SF was 5.95 ± 1.32, which was significantly lower than that before training (7.0 ± 1.38, P < 0.05), and the urinary incontinence severity index was 2.75 ± 0.89, which was significantly lower than that before training (3.95 ± 1.32, P < 0.01). The weight of 1 hour urine pad was 6.40 ± 2.29 g and was significantly lower than that before training (P < 0.01, 8.37 ± 2.24). Conclusion: Self-created pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation had the function of decreasing the quantity of urinary incontinence instead of the frequency of incontinence.



Key wordsPelvic floor muscle rehabilitation      Elderly women      Stress urinary incontinence     
Received: 07 May 2019      Published: 04 September 2019
Corresponding Authors: Yuan Wei   
E-mail: 1016885856@qq.com;
Cite this article:

Wei Yuan. Evaluation of therapeutic effects of self-made pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation on elderly female stress urinary incontinence. 9TMR Non-Drug Therapy, 2019, 2(3): 72-77. doi: 10.12032/TMRND201902014

URL:

https://www.tmrjournals.com/ndt/EN/10.12032/TMRND201902014     OR     https://www.tmrjournals.com/ndt/EN/Y2019/V2/I3/72

Test index N Before treatment After treatment
Average number of incontinence (times) 20 1.25 ± 0.71 1.02 ± 0.65
ICIQ-SF (score) 20 7.0 ± 1.38 5.95 ± 1.32*
Severity index of urinary
Incontinence (score)
20 3.95 ± 1.32 2.75 ± 0.89**
Urine pad weight (g) 20 8.37 ± 2.24 6.40 ± 2.29**
Table 1 Comparison of indexes of elderly female SUI subjects before and after experiment ($\bar{x}$ ± s)
Figure 1 Comparison of indexes of elderly female SUI subjects before and after experiment


Note: ICIQ-SF, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Simple Form. Compared with before the experiment, *P < 0.05, **P < 0.001.

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