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Physical and Mental Therapy

Physical and mental therapy include the therapy of hypnosis, psychological guidance and anyother therapy about the psychotherapy. 
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The exploration of information therapy forautism and dementia
Kean Hin Ooi, Pei See Sew, Irma van Tuil
90Life Research    2019, 2 (1): 1-7.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0125-004
Abstract HTML PDF (984KB)  

This article provides explanations to how distance external Qi therapy works by quoting various rigorously designed controlled experiments conducted at various parts of the world. It also introduces a new method of therapy, information therapy that relies on the entanglement of information carried by low hissing sound playback with mp3 player to entangle with the information of subjects exhibited by the facial photo with the whole system placed in a sealed carton. Preliminary results have shown huge potential for information therapy to be applied on neurological cases, particularly on autism and dementia.

Efficacy of Qigong for the treatment of alopecia universalis:a clinical case report
Gómez Jensen Alberto Alejandro, Martínez Diana Elina, Wan Qing Guo
90Life Research    2019, 2 (1): 8-13.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0125-002
Abstract HTML PDF (879KB)  

Qigong is a part of traditional Chinese medicine. According to the antique treaties, the foundations of traditional Chinese medicine are based in maintaining the harmony between Qi (energy), Jing (essence) and Shen (spirit). Alterations in this harmony can develop and determine the appearance of disease. Therapeutic effects of Qigong are helpful in the prevention and treatment of several diseases. It's main role in restoring body functions is due to the communication between internal organs, tissues and cells. The main goal of this work is to show the efficacy of Qigong in the treatment of a dermatological disease characterized by the appearance of circular or oval patches of missing hair, known as alopecia universalis. For western medicine the exact cause of this illness is not totally revealed, however, it's attributed to psycological, genetics and metabolic alterations. From the traditional Chinese medicine perspective, hair alterations are framed in the area of the water energy, represented by the kidney organ. The results of Qigong treatment suggested that the cranial hair follicles had been activated since the first treatment. As treatment progressed, the cranial hair follicles continued to grow, what's more, the brightness and pigmentation of the hair also increased. Therefore, in the clinical conditions evaluated, Qigong could be an effective alternative treatment in consideration of the visible evidence about rapid and long lasting results. Besides, we did not observe any side effects of Qigong in this case.

Using Qi flow in Taiji effecting structural change in feetand reduced pain: a case report
Suzanne Newnham
90Life Research    2019, 2 (1): 14-21.   https://doi.org/10.12032/life2019-0125-003
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In the article, the author reports on a case study of chronic pain problems caused by her own foot deformity. The author began using Taiji, Chen style Chan Si Gong (Reeling Silk), and Zhan Zhuang (standing meditation) to relieve chronic pain since 1986. After more than two years of Qigong training, the structure of the author's foot changed from the previous deformity to normal foot shape. These changes enabled the author to walk normally and to be free from persistent chronic pain. The article discussed the methods of using Qi currents and other issues that need to be paid attention to when practicing Tai chi, such as how to adjust one's mental focus and maintain a state of relaxation to "mindful". Tai chi involves a number of internal "micro-adjusting" about how these techniques relax and strengthen muscles to reduce chronic pain. The report and discussion on the treatment principle of Qigong can provide new strategies for the treatment of chronic pain.

The study of the situation of critical thinking emotional tendency of nursing teachers
Xue-Jiao Zheng, Wei-Dong Huang, Mo-Yang Li
TMR Integrative Nursing    2017, 1 (1): 19-24.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20170905
Abstract HTML PDF (311KB)  

Highlights

Nursing teachers had a positive performance towards critical thinking emotional tendency, but not strong positive.

Editor’s Summary

The managers of universities should lay stress on the importance of critical thinking, and provide the development space to enhance the nursing teachers’ critical thinking ability.

Abstract

Critical thinking (CT) is an important content of nursing education. It is also the important symbol of the improvement of overall quality of nursing teachers. In recent years, educational circles pay more and more attention to the cultivation of students’ CT ability, take CT and solve the problem as two basic skills of thinking. In the early 1980s, critical society theory was led into the nursing field. After years of development, CT has become one of research hotspots in today’s international nursing. Numerous studies had confirmed that the CT played a significant role in nursing education, clinical practice and nursing scientific research. The paper studied the whole status and characteristics of CT emotional tendency of college nursing teachers, and analyzed potential cause and discussed deeply on the corresponding factors of how to improve college nursing teachers’ teaching ability and scientific ability. This research adopted random sampling method, in which questionnaires were distributed among some nursing teachers in six universities and 97 nursing teachers. The statistical results indicated that nursing teachers had a positive performance towards CT emotional tendency, but not strong positive, and there were statistical significance among nursing teachers with different age, different length of service and reading habit (all P<0.05). In a conclusion, the managers of universities should lay stress on the importance of critical thinking, and provide the development space to enhance the nursing teachers’ CT ability and offer better services for nursing student.

Attitudes and actions of hospitalized patients on management of their safety: a cross-sectional study
Hui Liu, Xu Tian, Jun Shen, Lily Dong Xia Xiao
TMR Integrative Nursing    2017, 1 (2): 50-58.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20171205
Abstract HTML PDF (369KB)  

Highlights

This work explored the patients’ attitudes and actual actions participate in their own safety and whether patients with positive attitude are more likely to take action than others?

Editor’s Summary

Attitudes and especially actual actions of hospitalized patients significantly affect their safety, which are also prerequisites of making coping strategies. And thus, it is essential to know the information.

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Patient plays an important role in preventing the adverse events (AEs) and harms occurred during medical care; however, the incidence of AEs and harms can be effectively reduced if patients actively and successfully participate in their care. Organizations of safety management for patients and authorities of health system agree that involve patients into the management on their care can obviously prevent medical error; whereas, the attitudes and actual actions of hospitalized patients for the view remain controversial. In this study, we aimed to explored patients’ attitudes and actual actions participate in their own safety and whether patients with positive attitude are more likely to take action than others? Methods: In the present cross-sectional study, convenience sampling method was adopted to recruit a sample size consist of 2052 patients from two teaching hospitals affiliated to Medical College of Shantou University located in Shantou China. We used a questionnaire consist of 7 items to investigate the attitudes and actual actions of hospitalized patients participating in their care. Then the actual actions between patients with positive and negative attitudes were analyzed using descriptive analysis and independent t-test. Results: Most patients have a positive attitude on engaging in their safety management activity. Although most patients have positive attitude, fewer can take actual actions. Patients with positive attitude are more likely to take actions, but there are not statistical significant difference for positive and negative attitudes patients in terms of some items, such as “Ask doctor or nurse to wash their hands” and “Ask nurse or doctor to confirm your identity”, etc. Conclusions: Positive attitude is an important factor that improves the rate of participating in the medical care activity for patients. Based on the results of current study, interventions that improve the attitude of patient are needed to improve patients’ attitude and what is more important is how to convert attitude into actual action. When making plan of interventions, cultural background of patients need to be taken into account.

The effects of colleague solidarity and affective commitment on nurses’ intent to stay
Hong Li, Xiao-Li Pang, Lan-Tian Xie
TMR Integrative Nursing    2018, 2 (2): 94-100.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20180619
Abstract HTML PDF (404KB)  

Highlights

This paper investigated the status of intent to stay among nurses, and explored the effects of colleague solidarity and affective commitment on nurses’ intent to stay and whether affective commitment played a mediating role on the relationship between colleague solidarity and intent to stay?

Editor’s Summary

The nursing shortage is a critical challenge all over the world. It is important to note that this condition has a negative impact on patients’ outcomes and quality of nursing care. It is thus important to deeply explore the current status and possible factors of intent to stay among nurses. Interestingly, this article addresses this scientific question.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this paper was to determine the effects of colleague solidarity and affective commitment on intent to stay among nurses, and to provide the basis for developing more effective retention strategies. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out and a sample of 346 registered nurses was recruited in convenience sampling method from three tertiary hospitals in Tianjin, China. A self-administrative questionnaire was used in order to collect data. All analyses were performed using SPSS 17.0 software. Results: The mean scores for colleague solidarity, affective commitment and intent to stay of nurses were 3.61 ± 0.50, 3.26 ± 0.55, and 3.54 ± 0.67, respectively. The nurses’ colleague solidarity and each dimension, affective commitment and intent to stay showed a positive correlation (r = 0.141 - 0.709, P < 0.01). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that emotional solidarity, academic solidarity and affective commitment entered intent to stay regression equation (β = 0.170 - 0.437, P < 0.001) and explained 45.3% of the total variation in nurses’ intent to stay, and emotional solidarity became the strongest predictor (β = 0.437, P < 0.001). Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that affective commitment played a partial moderating role on the relationship between colleague solidarity and intent to stay (β = 0.174 - 0.659, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Hospital administrators and managers should develop effective strategies to enhance colleague solidarity and affective commitment among nurses, which will ultimately increase nurses’ intent to stay.

Correlation between time management disposition and ability confidence of chinese nursing students: a meta-analysis
Meng-Jie Lei, Ya-Qian Liu, Ting-Ting Liu, Ming Sang, Si-Qi Xiong, Chang-De Ji
TMR Integrative Nursing    2018, 2 (3): 123-131.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRIN20180721
Abstract HTML PDF (880KB)  

Highlights:

This study integrated the correlation between time management and behavioral self-confidence in nursing student. The correlation varies with the nursing student's area, nursing student's diploma, measurement tools and sample size. These results provided a basis for the improvement of nursing students’ education and clinical capabilities.

Editor’s Summary

To date, there is a lack of studies with large-scale and high quality on the correlation between nurses’ time management and ability self-confidence. This meta-analysis found that time management disposition of nursing students is moderately related to ability confidence, and the association respond to changes in some variables such as area.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the correlation between time management disposition and ability confidence of Nursing Students in China through the Pearson correlation coefficient. Methods: Electronic databases including the Cochrane library, PubMed, EMBASE, the Web of Science, CBM, Wanfang, VIP and CNKI were searched from inception to October 2017 to collect literature on the correlation between time manage-ment disposition and ability confidence of Chinese nursing students. The studies were examined according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. After extracting data and evaluating the quality of the included studies. Meta-analysis was carried out using Stata 12.0 software. Results: A total of 7 articles with 1632 nursing students were included, and the quality of the literature was at medium level. Meta-analysis shown the total score of time management disposition of Chinese nursing students and its three dimensions were related to ability confidence. The summary correlation coefficient between time management disposition and ability confidence was 0.52 (0.43 to 0.59) ; There is a weak correlation between time value and ability confidence (r, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.25 to 0.39); There was a moderate level of correlation between time control and ability confidence (r, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.43 to 0.54); There was a moderate level of correlation between time efficacy and ability confidence (0.47, 0.41, 0.53).And the relevance of nursing time management disposition and behavioral confidence varies with the nursing student's area, nursing student's diploma, measurement tools and sample size. Conclusion: The time management disposition of Chinese nursing students is moderately related to ability confidence. When there are different in nursing students in the area, nursing diploma, measurement tools and sample size, the relevance is very different. The time management disposition of Chinese nursing students and their ability confidence are mutually reinforcing, and the time management disposition and their ability confidence should be further strengthened in the future.

Effects of midwife-led psychological intervention on delivery outcomes: a meta-analysis
Jia Yuan, Yang Si-Yuan, Guo Li-Ming, Wu Qian, Meng Fan-Jie
TMR Non-Drug Therapy    2018, 1 (3): 109-118.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201801015
Abstract HTML PDF (1466KB)  

Highlights

Midwife-led psychological interventions can improve the natural delivery rate of pregnant women, shorten the duration of the first stage of delivery, and decrease postpartum hemorrhage.

Editor’s Summary

This meta-analysis illustrates the importance of midwife-led psychological interventions for the natural delivery, providing reliable evidence for its clinical use.

Abstract

Objective: To systematically review the influence of psychological intervention of midwives on the delivery mode and outcomes. Methods: Databases including Cochrane Library, PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, CNKI, Wangfang, and VIP were searched for randomized controlled trials studying the effects of midwife-led psychological nursing on puerpera. Two evaluators independently searched and screened the papers, extracted relevant data, and quality assessment of the included studies, followed by a meta-analysis of the papers using RevMan 5.3 software. Results: 12 studies with 1,395 patients were included. The results of the meta-analysis showed that compared to conventional nursing, midwife-led psychological intervention can improve the number of people who choose natural delivery [Z = 7.53, 95% CI (2.07, 3.45), P < 0. 001], shorten the duration of the first stage of delivery [Z = 45.10, 95% CI (-4.43, -4.06), P < 0. 001), reduce postpartum hemorrhage after delivery for two hours [Z = 21.68, 95% CI (-63.92, -53.32), P < 0. 001]; these differences were statistically significant. Conclusion: Psychological interventions led by midwives can improve the natural delivery rate of pregnant women, shorten the duration of the first stage of delivery, and decrease postpartum hemorrhage after delivery for two hours; thus, it can be popularized for clinical use.

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