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Massage

Massage is a physical therapy which refers to doctors use their hands to the special points to reach the effects of dredging the meridian and implementation of qi and blood.
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Progress of research on massage therapy for sub-health conditions
Bo-Yang Pan, Tian Chen, Long-Ming Lei
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy    2019, 2 (1): 20-26.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201902003
Abstract HTML PDF (513KB)  

Highlights

Massage therapy not only effectively improve patients' physical pain, fatigue, and discomfort, but also improved the psychological discomfort caused by sub-health, such as depression, anxiety, insomnia.

Editor’s Summary

Massage therapy has curative effects on people in sub-health condition. However, improving the quality of clinical observation and strengthening the basic research can provide more and better evidence for its application in this field.

Abstract

Sub-health state is a kind of low-quality state between health and disease, and will lead to disease if not intervened in time. As one of the external treatment options in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), massage therapy has achieved an ideal curative effect in the treatment of the sub-health state. This paper summarizes the articles on massage treatment for the treatment of patients in the sub-health state from the past decade. It mainly includes the current understanding of sub-health, treatment ideas and specific methods, as well as clinical classification of treatment modalities. From the perspective of treatment ideas and specific methods, most massage therapies are performed under the guidance of the holistic concept of TCM, and the concept of treatment based on syndrome differentiation (four diagnostic methods of TCM: inspection, auscultation, inquiry, and palpation). In this treatment, not only are the therapeutic functions of meridians and acupoints emphasized, but the selection of the therapeutic time is also performed according to the "Ziwuliuzhu" and the "Lingguibafa" (the acupuncture method based on time in ancient China). According to the different clinical symptoms of sub-health, it can be divided into three types: physical sub-health, psychological sub-health, and social adaptive sub-health. Massage therapy eliminates pain, relieves physical fatigue, and has a good therapeutic effect on physical sub-health. It can alleviate anxiety and depression, promote psychosomatic pleasure of patients, and has a satisfactory regulatory effect on the psychological sub-health symptoms. However, basic research on using modern medical theories and the means to explain its mechanism of action is relatively weak. Therefore, only constantly improving the quality of clinical observation and strengthening basic research can provide more and better evidence for the clinical application of massage therapy in treating the symptoms of the sub-health status.

The clinical progress and potential mechanism of massage therapy on knee osteoarthritis
Dong Si-Jia, Zhang Chi, Wu Jia-Hang, Yin Hao
TMR Non-Drug Therapy    2018, 1 (1): 2-8.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201801002
Abstract HTML PDF (718KB)  

Highlights

The effectiveness of massage is superior to that of joint cavity injection while the integrated therapeutic method containing massage is superior to that of single massage.

Editor’s Summary

Massage plays a key role in the non-drug therapy of knee osteoarthritis.

Abstract

Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a disease due to the degenerative pathological change of knee joint, which commonly occurs in the elderly. The main clinical characters of KOA are the pain, stiffness, and dysfunction of knee joint. Western medicine regarding to the treatment of KOA aims to relieve the pain and delay the progress of disease such as intra-articular injection and functional exercise. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy includes massage, herb, acupuncture, microwave, etc. Among them, the massage technique has the advantages of simpleness, effectiveness and non-invasive manipulation. The present study compared the curative effects of different therapies on KOA including Western medicine therapeutic method, single massage, complementary TCM therapeutic method containing massage and integrated TCM and western medicine therapeutic method containing massage. We found that the effectiveness of single massage method is better than that of joint cavity injection. The effectiveness of massage in combination with herb and acupuncture is better than that of massage alone. The effectiveness of joint cavity injection or functional exercise combined with massage and acupuncture is better than that of the single articular cavity injection or functional exercise. However, more research and clinical trials are still needed to determine the exact mechanism of massage.

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