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06 March 2019, Volume 2 Issue 1 Previous Issue    Next Issue
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The influence of traditional Chinese medicine therapy on the intestinal flora in obese patients
Xiong-Zhi Wu
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy. 2019, 2 (1): 1-1.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201902001
Abstract ( 198 )   HTML ( 4 )     PDF (248KB) ( 178 )  
Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy
Research on the influence of traditional Chinese medicine therapy on the intestinal flora in obese patients
Pei-Yao Li, Wen-Wen Zhao, Chun-Hua Zhang, Hui-Xin Ding, Ling Wang, Heng Yang, Chun-Guang Yu
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy. 2019, 2 (1): 2-8.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201902002
Abstract ( 509 )   HTML ( 9 )     PDF (564KB) ( 287 )  

Highlights

Characteristic TCM therapies including acupuncture, moxibustion, and cupping, etc. have therapeutic effects on obese patients by interfering with the intestinal flora.

Editor’s Summary

Traditional Chinese medicine therapy aiming at regulating intestinal flora is expected to become one of the main treatment methods for obese patients.

Abstract

In recent years, the prevalence of obesity has been increasing year by year, leading to a rise in serious complications. The pathogenesis of obesity is complicated in which the intestinal flora plays an important role. Intestinal micro ecology is composed of large and complex intestinal flora that participate in important physiological functions such as metabolism, energy conversion, maintaining intestinal mucosal defense function, and promoting immune system development and maturation and other important physiological functions; furthermore, they are influenced by the host’s genetic background, diet, and other factors. Therefore, intestinal microflora has potential as a new field of drug therapy. At present, it is found that traditional Chinese medicine therapy may prevent and treat obesity by interfering with the intestinal flora, which is expected to become one of the main treatment methods for obese patients. However, its mechanism of action remains unclear. The balance of intestinal flora can be adjusted by acupuncture, massage, and acupoint application. By analyzing the mechanism of obesity caused by intestinal micro ecology and the impact of obesity on the host’s intestinal micro ecological environment, this paper discusses the influence of oral Chinese medicine, acupuncture, massage, acupoint sticking, and other traditional Chinese medicine therapies on the intestinal microflora in obese patients and provides a scientific basis for its clinical application.

Effects of comprehensive therapy of traditional Chinese medicine on pneumonia caused by influenza
Bing-Sheng Yuan
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy. 2019, 2 (1): 9-12.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201902004
Abstract ( 879 )   HTML ( 6 )     PDF (504KB) ( 322 )  

Highlights

Comprehensive therapy consisting of acupuncture, sliding cup and Chinese herb has beneficial effect on pneumonia complicated by influenza.

Editor’s Summary

Acupuncture and sliding cup, as the methods of non-drug therapy, is possible to be introduced as part of comprehensive treatment modality for the management of respiratory diseases.

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effects of comprehensive therapy of traditional Chinese medicine consisting of acupuncture, sliding cup and Chinese herb on a patient with pneumonia caused by influenza. Method: Needling the points of Zhaohai (KI 6), Lieque (LU 7), Chize (LU 5), Zhongwan (CV 12), Qihai (CV 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Yinxi (HT 6), Fuliu (KI 7), Neiguan (PC 6), Yuji (LU10), Fengchi (GB 20), Fengmen (BL 12), Dazhui (GV 14), Shenzhu (GV 12), Feishu (BL 13), Jueyinshu (BL 14) and Geshu (BL 17). After acupuncture, slide cupping was applied along the bladder meridian of foot-Taiyang on the back. The administration of Chinese herb of Xiaochaihu Soup combined Guizhi plus Houpuxingren Soup was also applied. Result: After the treatment, dyspnea relieved obviously and the symptoms of severe pain throughout the body, aversion to cold and high fever were eliminated. Conclusion: Comprehensive therapy consisting of acupuncture, sliding cup and Chinese herb has beneficial effects on pneumonia complicated by influenza.

Hypothesis of non-drug therapy
Review of the non-drug treatment in obesity
Chang Liu
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy. 2019, 2 (1): 13-19.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201902005
Abstract ( 445 )   HTML ( 11 )     PDF (513KB) ( 356 )  

Highlights

The present review summarizes the non-drug treatment of obesity in recent years, to analyze their underlying mechanism and provide further guidance for clinical practitioners.

Editor’s Summary

For patients with obesity, weighing the advantages and disadvantages of various non-drug therapeutic methods and helping them choose the right method is the best way to fight obesity.

Abstract

Obesity, which bring a great perplex to family and society, has significant contribution to the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other comorbidities. In past four decades, the incidence of obesity has been on the alarming rise and so far about a third of the world's adults are affected by obesity. Due to the side effects and adverse reactions of drug treatment, obesity patients tend to select non-drug treatment. The present review summarizes the non-drug treatment of obesity in recent years, including acupuncture, exercise, surgery, lifestyle intervention and psychological guidance, to summarize their underlying mechanism and provide further guidance for clinical practitioners. Auricular acupuncture was proved to have the positively influence in Ghrelin, a novel obesity-related peptide hormone. Exercise could treat obesity by reducing the inflammatory factors associated with obesity. Furthermore, obesity surgery can not only reduce fat intake and nutrient absorption, but also inhibit the generation of Neuropeptide Y (NPY) by increasing the secretion of Peptide YY (PYY). Besides, breaking down psychological and behavioral barriers to lifestyle treatment of obesity will have a significant effect.

Massage and spine correction therapy
Progress of research on massage therapy for sub-health conditions
Bo-Yang Pan, Tian Chen, Long-Ming Lei
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy. 2019, 2 (1): 20-26.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201902003
Abstract ( 523 )   HTML ( 7 )     PDF (513KB) ( 235 )  

Highlights

Massage therapy not only effectively improve patients' physical pain, fatigue, and discomfort, but also improved the psychological discomfort caused by sub-health, such as depression, anxiety, insomnia.

Editor’s Summary

Massage therapy has curative effects on people in sub-health condition. However, improving the quality of clinical observation and strengthening the basic research can provide more and better evidence for its application in this field.

Abstract

Sub-health state is a kind of low-quality state between health and disease, and will lead to disease if not intervened in time. As one of the external treatment options in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), massage therapy has achieved an ideal curative effect in the treatment of the sub-health state. This paper summarizes the articles on massage treatment for the treatment of patients in the sub-health state from the past decade. It mainly includes the current understanding of sub-health, treatment ideas and specific methods, as well as clinical classification of treatment modalities. From the perspective of treatment ideas and specific methods, most massage therapies are performed under the guidance of the holistic concept of TCM, and the concept of treatment based on syndrome differentiation (four diagnostic methods of TCM: inspection, auscultation, inquiry, and palpation). In this treatment, not only are the therapeutic functions of meridians and acupoints emphasized, but the selection of the therapeutic time is also performed according to the "Ziwuliuzhu" and the "Lingguibafa" (the acupuncture method based on time in ancient China). According to the different clinical symptoms of sub-health, it can be divided into three types: physical sub-health, psychological sub-health, and social adaptive sub-health. Massage therapy eliminates pain, relieves physical fatigue, and has a good therapeutic effect on physical sub-health. It can alleviate anxiety and depression, promote psychosomatic pleasure of patients, and has a satisfactory regulatory effect on the psychological sub-health symptoms. However, basic research on using modern medical theories and the means to explain its mechanism of action is relatively weak. Therefore, only constantly improving the quality of clinical observation and strengthening basic research can provide more and better evidence for the clinical application of massage therapy in treating the symptoms of the sub-health status.

Brief introduction to the historical development and therapeutic effects of cupping therapy in traditional Chinese medicine
Ping Zhou, Wei-Jie Xie, Ping Zheng
9TMR Non-Drug Therapy. 2019, 2 (1): 27-34.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMRND201902006
Abstract ( 606 )   HTML ( 22 )     PDF (538KB) ( 318 )  

Highlights

This article gives an overview of the historical development, therapeutic effects and mechanism of cupping therapy practice and introduces a new and updated classification of cupping therapy.

Editor’s Summary

The earliest record of cupping in ancient times appeared in the Fifty-two Bingfang (B.C. 202~220, Han Dynasty) that demonstrated a detailed record of the use of "corn cupping" (horn-shaped) for treating diseases.

Abstract

Cupping therapy (CT) is an ancient traditional and complementary medicine practice. Recently, there has been a growing evidence of its potential benefits in the treatment of various diseases. The CT has been constantly developing with the emergence of various modern and improved cupping devices. It is now evident that cupping could adjust the Qi, blood, Yin and Yang, dredge the meridian, as well as relieve the effect of illness, achieve fitness and relative equilibrium of Yin-Yang. It exerts its effects through the negative pressure suction via the mechanical and thermal stimulations, and the negative pressure effects induced by cupping. This article gives an overview of CT practice, its historical development, as well as its therapeutic effects and mechanism. Furthermore, a new and updated classification of CT was briefly introduced.

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