Highlights: In this paper, various factors related to Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and thyroid cancer, especially papillary thyroid cancer, morbidity and lymph node metastasis, are reviewed concerning recent literature.
Editor’s Summary: In recent decades, it is very high for the incidence of HT and the thyroid cancer rate. This article is more likely that autoimmune thyroid inflammation such as HT is carcinogenic, and thyroid dysfunction related to HT may also promote tumor growth induced by stimulating TSH receptor.
Abstract: In recent years, the incidence of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and thyroid cancer has shown a rapid growth trend. These two diseases have severely affected the public health. Many epidemiological studies have shown that thyroid cancer is often associated with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis may promote the occurrence of thyroid cancer, as well as affecting the progression of the tumor, lymph node metastasis, and even the prognosis of patients. In this paper, the relationship between Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and thyroid cancer and the pathogenesis of thyroid cancer are reviewed regarding molecular mechanism, clinical pathology, and serology.
Spleen deficiency is often accompanied by dampness. Cytokines, immunoglobulins, and gastrointestinal hormones play major roles in the pathogenesis of spleen deficiency and dampness.
The two TCM syndromes “spleen deficiency” and “dampness” were cause and effect to each other.
Objective: To explore the essence of spleen deficiency and dampness in Chinese medicine by successfully constructing a rat model with this syndrome. Methods: Rat models with the syndrome of dampness and spleen deficiency were established with the use of a high-fat, low-protein diet and excessive fatigue induced by loaded swimming. A total of 25 common clinical serological markers were tested. The T test, rank test, and partial least squares regression-discriminant analysis were used to analyze the data. Results: Total protein, albumin, motilin, interferon-γ, interleukin-2, immunoglobulin A, immunoglobulin G, and complement 3 levels in the model rats were lower than those in the control group (P = 0.029, P = 0.032, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, respectively). The serum creatinine, total cholesterol, aldosterone, antidiuretic hormone, gastrin, interleukin-4, somatostatin, atrial natriuretic peptide, and vasoactive intestinal peptide levels in the model group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001, P = 0.015, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, respectively). There was no statistical difference between the two groups in aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransferase, globulin, albumin/globulin, blood urea nitrogen, high-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein. The model animal syndrome used two important variables in analysis with partial least squares regression-discriminant analysis. At the same time, the two dimensions were difficult to distinguish for each biological index. Conclusion: Spleen deficiency is often associated with dampness. The index that represents spleen deficiency can also represent dampness. Cytokines, immunoglobulins, and gastrointestinal hormones play a major causative role in both spleen deficiency and dampness.
Thunder-Fire moxibustion with ovulation monitoring significantly improved the pregnancy rate of patients diagnosed with adenomyosis- associated infertility.
Thunder-Fire moxibustion stemmed from the Taoism magic arts before the Yuan Dynasty of China (1271 A.D.-1368 A.D.) and took shape in the middle of the Ming Dynasty of China (1368 A.D.-1644 A.D.).
This study evaluated the clinical efficacy of Thunder-Fire moxibustion combined with ovulation monitoring for the treatment of adenomyosis-associated infertility. A series of 120 patients diagnosed with uterine adenomyosis and infertility and cold coagulation blood stasis syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine (with the clinical manifestations of premenstrual or menstrual lower abdomen cold pain, pain reduction with heat application, and cold extremities) were randomized equally to treatment group with Thunder-Fire moxibustion and ovulation monitoring as well as control group with ovulation monitoring only. Treatment continued for six menstrual cycles. The pregnancy rate of the treatment group was significantly increased with the control group (50.0% vs. 23.3%, P = 0.021). Dysmenorrhea and the traditional Chinese medicine syndrome in the treatment group improved significantly compared with the control group (3.87 ± 2.03 vs. 5.70 ± 1.01, P = 0.002 and 7.33 ± 4.11 vs. 10.52 ± 2.33, P = 0.006, respectively), and there was also significant between-group differences in serum cancer antigen 125 (55.45 ± 14.65 vs. 63.34 ± 11.41, P = 0.031). However, the average uterus diameters in the treatment and control groups were not significantly different (67.13 ± 7.59 vs. 69.89 ± 5.30, P = 0.137). Thunder-Fire moxibustion with ovulation monitoring improved the pregnancy rate of patients diagnosed with adenomyosis-associated infertility.
This paper proposed a hypothesis that camel milk could be helpful in the treatment of asthma.
Food is a double-edged sword of health. On the one hand, cow milk could lead to the occurence of asthma. On the other hand, camel milk could be used to treat asthma via its effects of immunoregulation, antiinflammation and antioxygenation.
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease with excessive irritability and airway narrowing and inflammation plays an important role in it. There are 300 million asthmatic people in the world currently. Main treatments for asthma include two groups of bronchodilators and inflammation controllers. Researches was continued in order to reach new treatments to reduce drug side effects and treatment-resistant cases or the types associated with weak treatment response. Today, World Health Organization recommends the application of traditional medicine especially in underdeveloped countries because of insufficient health resources and spread of diseases. Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) or Persian medicine is one of the oldest comprehensive traditional medicines with thousands years history which could help us to manage different diseases. The aim of this hypothesis is to investigate the camel milk as a complementary treatment of asthma because this chronic disease is sometimes resistant or response weakly to the treatment. In this article, the administration of camel milk in lung inflammatory diseases was studied by searching the PubMed and Scopus scientific databases. The results of this study indicated that camel milk due to having anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and anti-oxidant effects could decrease the levels of inflammatory factors such as tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin-17 (IL-17), IL-6, IL-1B and transforming growth factor-β1 in a human and animal samples with inflammatory diseases. Besides, based on ITM, camel milk was used in treatment patients with asthma. But, clinical studies are needed to validate the effectiveness of camel milk in asthma and its mechanisms.
The Si-Jun-Zi decoction may exert a therapeutic effect on gastric precancerous lesions by intervening in the mucosal inflammation, cell apoptosis process, and cell proliferation.
Gastric mucosal inflammation has the potential to promote the proliferation of gastric mucosal epithelial cells and inhibit their apoptosis. However, Si-Jun-Zi decoction may exert a therapeutic effect on these process via the multi-target network level.
Objective: To find out the potential mechanisms of Si-Jun-Zi (SJZ) decoction in the treatment of gastric precancerous lesions (GPL). Methods: A network pharmacology approach was used to analyze the active compounds, drug targets and interacting pathways of SJZ decoction in treating GPL. The compounds and predicted targets of SJZ decoction were screened from TCMSP, and the disease targets were obtained from GeneCards. The therapeutic mechanisms of action of the SJZ decoction were analyzed by gene ontology (GO) enrichment, Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway enrichment analyses. Results: The results show that 111 compounds and 90 targets were obtained in this work. These targets were further mapped to 654 GO biological process terms and 21 remarkably pathways. Active compounds, targets, and pathways were used to construct a compound-target network, a target-pathways network, and an integrated GPL pathway. These results indicated that SJZ decoction may treat the dysfunctions of GPL mainly from intervening in the mucosal inflammation, cell apoptosis process, and cell proliferation. Conclusion: This work provided a novel approach to understand the pathogenesis of GPL and revealed the therapeutic mechanisms of SJZ decoction, which facilitate the modernization of herbal medicine for complex diseases in the future.
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