Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was developed from and is rooted in traditional Chinese culture. Nowadays, the Chinese state attaches great importance to the development of TCM and has implemented a series of policies and measures. This paper first demonstrates the rationality of the view that "traditional culture plays a fundamental role in the development of TCM", and analyzes the influence of traditional culture on the development of TCM from the perspective of philosophy and religion, in order to have a deeper understanding of the formation and development process of TCM. Finally, taking ophthalmology of TCM as an example, this paper discusses the importance of the continual inheritance of traditional culture and development of TCM.
The influence of Confucian and Taoist culture on prescription principles
Confucianism and Taoism, as the main body of traditional Chinese culture, has a great influence on the structure and the application of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). This paper elucidates the influences of Confucian and Taoist culture on the theories and formulating rules of prescription in TCM, such as the principles of "Wu Zang Wu Wei Bu Xie", prescription laws of "Jun Chen Zuo Shi", principle of "Yong Yao Fa Xiang", the principle of "Liu Qi Sheng Fu" etc. from the view of Zhong He, Chong Li and Xiang Thought in Confucianism，and Qi Ontology, thought of Dao Fa Zi Ran and Following Time in Taoism. Qi Ontology belongs to the ontology and hylogenesis, Xiang Thought belongs to epistemology; Zhong He is the aim state of drug using ultimately; Chong Li, Following Time and Dao Fa Zi Ran, they are all the necessary laws for the right use of drugs.It embodies that TCM have its own unique theoretical system and rigorous laws in it, and lays the foundation for the subsequent researches on the theory and rules of prescriptions.
This article analyzes the connotation of Shen in Confucianism and Taoism and Shen in Nei Jing by using the method of literature review, and it raises: the two are closely related. First of all, on the basis of the meaning of "god" before the pre-Qin period，the study of Confucianism and Taoism enriches the connotation of Shen, it extracts many implications, such as "magic", "unpredictable", "mental spirits", "Xin Shen", "intelligence", "laws" etc., endowing Shen with philosophy meanings. Secondly, Nei Jing introduces Shen with philosophy meanings into the field of Chinese medicine to explain phenomena related to life, at the same time, it confirms the reality of Shen and constructs a complete Shen theory system.
Discussion on "Wei Qi Chu Shang Jiao"
Due to the different versions of Nei Jing have been published in the past, variant of records have shown the different explanation of the original source of Wei Qi, thus there are two popular options are still under debate, Shang Jiao and Xia Jiao. Our research has found that the core reason of above dispute is caused by the vague understanding of the meaning of "Chu". Based on the analysis of relevant text of Nei Jing and the character of Chu with the meaning of leaving, it is concluded that "Wei Qi Chu Shang Jiao". And it means Wei Qi has left Shang Jiao of Zang Fu system and following into Meridian system, according to Wei Qi' s connotation of following and protecting. Shang Jiao is the original starting point of Wei Qi in circulation just as it is born. And Shang Jiao is the place where "the slippery and tough Qi of water and grain" has transformed its name into "Wei Qi", which is also the conjunction point that Wei Qi changing from Ti (ontology) into Yong (methodology). And it explains the theory of clinical application based on this view.
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