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Traditional Medicine Research  2017, Vol. 2 Issue (3): 118-124    https://doi.org/10.12032/TMR201707047
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
Tai Chi: a new star for the administration of chronic diseases?
Hu Yang1, Zhang Hao-Ran1, Wu Xiong-Zhi1,*()
1Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin, China.
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摘要 

太极是中国传统武术的一种,不仅在中国很受欢迎,在西方国家也逐渐被关注。太极将腹式呼吸与身体运动相整合,以使人达到身心平衡。越来越多的研究证实,太极具有提高有氧耐力、加强肌肉力量、促进身体平衡和改善心理健康的作用。在此,本文总结了最近的研究成果,证明太极训练在心血管疾病、慢性阻塞性肺病、神经系统疾病、风湿病和癌症患者的恢复过程中是安全可行的。然而,太极的潜在作用机制仍有待挖掘,更多的长期随访研究需要开展。

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关键词:  太极  健康  康复  慢性疾病    
Abstract: Highlights

The current evidences regarding the effects of Tai Chi on the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, nervous system, musculoskeletal disorders, rheumatism, and cancer were summarized.

Editor’s Summary

Tai Chi integrates deep diaphragmatic breathing with body movements to achieve a harmonious balance between the body and mind.

Abstract

Tai Chi Quan (Tai Chi), a traditional Chinese martial art, has become increasingly popular in western countries. Tai Chi integrates deep diaphragmatic breathing with body movements to achieve a harmonious balance between the body and mind, which facilitates the flow of internal energy (Qi). An increasing number of studies have reported that Tai Chi significantly benefits aerobic capacity, muscular strength, balance, and psychological well-being. In addition, Tai Chi offers unique advantages for physical fitness and the treatment of chronic diseases. This paper reviews the existing literatures on Tai Chi, introduces its health-promotion effects and the potential clinical applications, and summarizes recent studies that prove Tai Chi is safe and effective for patients with neurological diseases, rheumatological diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, and cancers. After reviewing the literatures in this field, we conclude that the long-term results of practicing Tai Chi may benefit the cardiovascular system, motor system, respiratory system, and nervous system. However, the potential role and mechanism of Tai Chi has not yet been determined. Further studies with long follow-up periods are necessary to meet the standards of clinical applications.

Key words:  Tai Chi    Health    Rehabilitation    Chronic diseases
               出版日期:  2017-07-05      发布日期:  2017-07-05      期的出版日期:  2017-07-05
引用本文:    
. [J]. Traditional Medicine Research, 2017, 2(3): 118-124.
Hu Yang, Zhang Hao-Ran, Wu Xiong-Zhi. Tai Chi: a new star for the administration of chronic diseases?. Traditional Medicine Research, 2017, 2(3): 118-124.
链接本文:  
https://www.tmrjournals.com/tmr/CN/10.12032/TMR201707047  或          https://www.tmrjournals.com/tmr/CN/Y2017/V2/I3/118
Study, Year [Reference] Disease Study Design Patient Characteristics and Age Treatment Results
Shin et al., 2015 [6] Rheumatoid arthritis Randomized controlled trial 56 female patients with RA (age, > 50 years) Tai Chi exercise group (29 patients received a 3-month exercise intervention once per week for 3 months) vs. Control group (27 patients received general information about the benefits of exercise) Improved endothelial function in the Tai Chi exercise group (initial: 5.85± 2.05; 3 months: 7.75±2.53%) compared with the control group (initial: 6.31±2.12; 3 months: 5.78±2.13%)
Guo et al., 2016 [11] Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Randomized controlled trial 11 patients with COPD (age range, 54-70 years) Tai Chi group vs. Constant rate tread-mill walking group The EMGdi and esophageal pressure at the end of the exercise period were similar for both treadmill exercise and Tai Chi (EMGdi: 0.109±0.047 mV vs. 0.118±0.061 mV; esophageal pressure: 22.3±7.1 cmH2O vs. 21.9±8.1 cmH2O)
Yeh et al., 2016 [8] Chronic heart failure Randomized controlled trial 100 patients with chronic systolic heart failure (mean age, 68±9 years) 12-week Tai Chi intervention group vs. Education group Tai Chi participants reported not only self efficacy and social support, but overall empowerment with additional gains such as internal locus of control, self-awareness, and stress management.
Zhang et al., 2016 [36] Lung
cancer
Randomized controlled trial 96 patients (mean age, 62.8 years) Tai Chi exercise group
vs. Low-impact exercise group
At 6 and 12 weeks, the Tai Chi group had a lower MFSI-SF total score than the control group (Tai Chi: 59.5±11.3 vs. 66.8±11.9, P < 0.05; control: 53.3±11.8 vs. 59.3±12.2, P < 0.05)
  
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