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05 April 2017, Volume 2 Issue 2 Previous Issue    Next Issue
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Economic impact of traditional medicine practice worldwide
V. Pejcic Ana, Jakovljevic Mihajlo B
1Traditional Medicine Research. 2017, 2 (2): 60-74.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMR201706039
Abstract ( 921 )   HTML ( 27 )     PDF (483KB) ( 838 )  

Highlights:

This review implies that the expenditure on TM/CAM and its economic impact vary worldwide. Unfortunately, direct comparison of expenditures is limited due to the differences in the definitions of TM/CAM, inclusion of various forms of TM/CAM, use of different names and categorization, as well as differences in reported currencies and time periods in which data were collected. Despite this limitation this review still provides valuable insight into the economic impact of TM/CAM worldwide.

Abstract

The aim of this literature review was to summarize available findings from publications that reported expenditure on traditional/complementary and alternative medicine (TM/CAM) within a representative general population sample of a nation or a defined geographical area. A total of 24 publications met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The expenditure on TM/CAM varies worldwide, but direct comparison of the findings of publications included in this review is limited due to the differences in the definitions of TM/CAM, inclusion of various forms of TM/CAM, use of different names and categorization, as well as differences in reported currencies and time periods in which data were collected. Data about the expenditure on TM/CAM in most countries throughout the world are scarce. Further national studies should be conducted in order to provide up-to-date assessment of the TM/CAM related expenditure patterns and use. Uniform nomenclature, definition of TM/CAM and standardized instruments would provide basis for comparability of data of studies conducted in various regions and time periods.

Editorial
Multidisciplinary integration to enhance the overall level of Chinese and Western medicine consensus efficacy
Shang Hong-Cai, Wu Xiong-Zhi, Wang Yong-Yan, Wang Chen
1Traditional Medicine Research. 2017, 2 (2): 75-79.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMR201706040
Abstract ( 546 )   HTML ( 4 )     PDF (219KB) ( 495 )  

Highlights:

How to lay equal stress on traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine?How to form the organic unity of Chinese medicine and Western medicine in the clinical practice? they need to reach a consensus. This article explains how to improve the efficacy of Chinese and Western medicine from different aspects.

Abstract

In recent years, Chinese and Western medicine clinical guidelines have attracted attention. But for the existing Chinese and Western medicine experts consensus or guidelines, Chinese medicine and Western medicine were split, out of touch from the form and content. How to lay equal stress on traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine? How to form the organic unity of Chinese medicine and Western medicine in the clinical practice? they need to reach a consensus. This article explains how to improve the efficacy of Chinese and Western medicine from different aspects.

Review
Under the narrative medicine theory to establish the evidence-based medical record written by doctors and patients through integrated therapy of traditional Chinese and western on digestive system diseases
Li Bo, Tian Gui-Hua, Gao Rui, Zhao Ying-Pan, Li Qing-Na, Zhao Yang, Shang Hong-Cai
1Traditional Medicine Research. 2017, 2 (2): 80-87.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMR201706041
Abstract ( 469 )   HTML ( 8 )     PDF (205KB) ( 496 )  

Highlights:

This study is the first discussion of the establishment of evidence-based medical records by narrative medicine thinking of doctors and patients and the framework of the evaluation of related efficacy. This research program pays more attention to the patient's human feelings and truly reproduce the clinical process and the evaluation of the efficacy of the real world. Doctor-patient co-operated medical record can be a key factor of the curative effect evaluation methodology system of integrated therapy of Tradition Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine on spleen and stomach diseases.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this article was to discuss the theory of doctor-patient co-operated evidence-based medical record and set up the preliminary frame of the doctor-patient co-operated evidence-based medical record following the concept of narrative evidence-based medicine. Methods: The information was searched from Pubmed, Embase, CBMdisc, CNKI. A preliminary agreement was reached by referring to the principles of narrative medicine and advises given by experts of digestive system and evidence-based medicine in both Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine. Result: This research is a useful attempt to discuss the establishment of doctor-patient co-operated evidence-based medical record guided by the direction of narrative evidence-based medicine. Reflection and outlook: Doctor-patient co-operated medical record can be a key factor of the curative effect evaluation methodology system of integrated therapy of Tradition Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine on spleen and stomach diseases.

The applications of Bayesian models in real-world studies of traditional Chinese medicine: a primer
Zhai Jing-Bo, Li Jiang, Chen Jing
Traditional Medicine Research. 2017, 2 (2): 88-93.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMR201706042
Abstract ( 593 )   HTML ( 6 )     PDF (244KB) ( 1017 )  

Highlights:

Real-world study is valuable for traditional Chinese medicine. However, there are no gold standards of statistical approaches for analyzing data from real-world study of traditional Chinese medicine. In the present study, we discussed why and when to use Bayesian analysis and the challenge in the real-world study of traditional Chinese medicine.

Abstract

Real-world study is valuable for traditional Chinese medicine. However, there are no gold standards of statistical approaches for analyzing data from real-world study of traditional Chinese medicine. With the development of computer technology, researchers have increasingly paid attention to Bayesian statistics in the biomedical field. In present study, real-world study and Bayesian statistics were introduced. It was discussed that why and when to use Bayesian analysis and the challenge in the real-world study of traditional Chinese medicine.

Assessing acupuncture effect in the real world study
Zhang Qi-Wen, Chen Bo, Calista Lim Hui-min, Yu Nan-Nan, Guo Yi
Traditional Medicine Research. 2017, 2 (2): 94-99.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMR201706043
Abstract ( 577 )   HTML ( 3 )     PDF (216KB) ( 377 )  

Highlights:

How to objectively and reasonably evaluate clinical curative effect of acupuncture is an important bottleneck in the development of acupuncture. Real world study as an innovate method of clinical research for acupuncture to increase the credibility of acupuncture, its reach can be extended globally and to more countries and regions.

Abstract

Acupuncture, with its unique set of theories and its evident results in clinical practice is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and gaining recognition worldwide for the past few years. Although acupuncture treatment is generally accepted by the public, a few western researchers believe that sufficient evidence of its efficiency is still currently lacking, therefore creating a challenge of its acceptance on a wider scale. This article suggests the concepts of acupuncture behind clinical researches by reviewing the clinical researches done, analyzing the existing problems, and integrating real life acupuncture into the research process. By increasing the credibility of acupuncture, its reach can be extended globally and to more countries and regions.

Hypothesis
The combination of disease and Zheng (syndrome) on the basic of differentiation of six channels: a new pattern of disease diagnosis and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine
Yang Xue, Wu Xiong-Zhi
1Traditional Medicine Research. 2017, 2 (2): 100-104.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMR201706044
Abstract ( 612 )   HTML ( 14 )     PDF (763KB) ( 462 )  

Highlights:

This paper put forward a hypothesis that combination of disease and Zheng on the basic of differentiation of six channels is a new pattern of diagnosis and treatment diseases in TCM. It is beneficial to the understanding of a certain disease and makes disease treatment more convenient, fast and effective.

Abstract:

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was formed two thousand years ago, and developed in the following centuries. TCM has a unique way of looking at health and illness. Zheng (syndrome) is the basic unit and key term in TCM theory. Zheng is the pathological generalization of a certain stage in the development of disease. Treatment based on syndrome differentiation and disease differentiation of TCM is the basic principle to know and treat diseases, and a kind of special method to study diseases in TCM. In Han Dynasty (200 AD), doctor Zhang Zhongjing proposed Liujing Bianzheng (the differential diagnosis in accordance with the theory of six channels) to diagnose and treat diseases in Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases. In other words, he divided diseases into six channels diseases based on patient’s Zhengs. Six channels diseases almost include all of the disease according to his classification standards. In addition, there are development rules in the progress of six channels diseases. Therefore, we hypothesized that combination of six channels disease and Zheng on the basic of differentiation of six channels is a new pattern of diagnosis and treatment diseases in TCM, which is beneficial to the understanding of a certain disease and makes disease treatment more convenient, fast and effective.

Clinical Research
Exploring the characteristics of inquiry and the correlation with TCM syndromes about the patients with cardiovascular disease
Xu Zhao-Xia, Wang Yi-Qin, Xu Jin, Qian Peng, Liu Guo-Ping, Li Xue-Ping, Xie Yan-Hong
Traditional Medicine Research. 2017, 2 (2): 105-114.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMR201706045
Abstract ( 463 )   HTML ( 3 )     PDF (233KB) ( 315 )  

Highlights:

We analyzed the distribution of inquiry information and the correlation with TCM syndromes about patients with cardiovascular disease, and found the symptoms of frequency analysis and expert symptom score all in the top 50, add up to 41. According to the importance of symptoms to each syndrome diagnosis, and according to the results by correlation analysis, the correlation coefficient between each symptom and each syndrome are sorted, the top five symptoms which had a strong correlation with various syndromes were consistent with the theory of TCM. We found the top symptoms are the same. This research could provide certain objective basis for establishment of TCM syndrome diagnostic criteria of cardiovascular diseases, and it can gradually establish objective normative and feasible diagnosis criteria through a lot of data supporting.

Abstract

Objective: Inquiry occupies an important position in the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) diagnostic methods. Observing the characteristics of inquiry symptoms and the correlation with TCM syndromes can determine the important guiding significance to build recognition model and diagnostic criteria of syndrome. Methods: In this study, we collected 3707 valid cases, analyzed the inquiry symptoms of patients with cardiovascular disease, then to explore the distribution of inquiry information and the correlation with TCM syndromes based on the methods, such as frequency analysis, expert score, and correlation analysis. Results: We found the symptoms of frequency analysis and expert symptom score all in the top 50, add up to 41. According to the results by correlation analysis, the correlation coefficient between each symptom and each syndrome are sorted from high to low, the same with the experts score to each inquiry symptom basing on its importance of in diagnosing each syndrome. Conclusion: Inquiry occupies an important effect in differentiation syndrome. This research could provide certain objective basis for establishment of TCM syndromes diagnostic criteria of cardiovascular disease, thus provide some ideas and methods for the research of establishing TCM syndrome identification model, then to provide a reference for the syndrome standardization and objectification.

Ancient Formula Research
Two empirical formulas: Huangqin Fuling Tang and Huangqin Longgu Muli Tang
Yin Zhou-An
Traditional Medicine Research. 2017, 2 (2): 115-117.   https://doi.org/10.12032/TMR201706046
Abstract ( 378 )   HTML ( 2 )     PDF (223KB) ( 320 )  

Huangqin Fuling Tang

Huang Qin (Radix Scutellariae) 10-15g, Fu Ling (Poria) 15-30g, Tao Ren (Semen Persicae) 10-15g, Dan Pi (Cortex Moutan Radicis) 10-15g, Chi Shao (Radix Paeoniae Rubra) 15-20g

Huangqin Longgu Muli Tang

Huang Qin (Radix Scutellariae) 10-15g, Bai Shao (Radix Paeoniae Alba) 15-30g, Gan Cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae) 10-15g, Duan Long Gu (Os Draconis calcined) 15-30g, (wrap-boiling 20 minutes first), Duan Mu Li (Calcined oyster calcined) 15-30g, (wrap-boiling 20 minutes first), Da Zao (Fructus Jujubae) 5-8 pieces.

2019-nCoV

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